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Driest Year Ever in California (and what it means for 2014!)















Posted on January 16, 2014












2013 was California’s driest year since 1849, when the state started measuring rainfall. 





Low rainfall measurements broke prior records in Los Angeles, San Francisco, Shasta and up to Eugene, Oregon. 




Experts say that if rain doesn’t fall soon, the worst may be yet to come.







“The 2013–14 water year is off to a rotten start,”
the University Corporation for Atmospheric Research (UCAR) wrote in their analysis





As of January 10th the Sierra snow pack, which is responsible for about a third of California’s water, was at 84% below average.



The high pressure zone, winter 2012-2013 to now – Credit: NOAA/ESRL







Meteorologist say the cause for this dry spell is a massive high pressure zone, about 4 miles high and 2,000 miles long, that’s been blocking storms for more than a year. 





This zone typically comes and goes year to year — but this year, it stayed put and the consequences can be dire.







Another view of the high pressure zone – Credit:WeatherWest.com












Some of the potential consequences California faces:


Combine this dryness with the
Santa Ana winds, the risk of huge wildfires grow exponentially!



Impact on agriculture and food cost, and the jobs in this sector




Impact to water and energy bills



Impact to fresh water recreation, such as fishing, swimming and boating


Water supply shortage for rural residents — can creep to cities if it gets bad enough




Water-use restrictions — less showers, car washes, etc.







2013 was the driest year on record for most of California – Credit: WRCC/DRI











California’s Governor Jerry Brown will officially declare a drought soon. 




Let’s hope it starts raining before that happens !





http://knowbefore.weatherbug.com/2014/01/16/driest-year-ever-california-means-2014/

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In alphabetical order by Country....










India




Alphonso





Alphonso (mango)
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia








Alphonso (हापुस Haapoos in Marathi, હાફુસ in Gujarati, ಆಪೂಸ್ Aapoos in Kannada) is a mango cultivar that is considered by many[who?] to be one of the best in terms of sweetness, richness and flavor. 


It has considerable shelf life of a week after it is ripe making it exportable. 

It is also one of the most expensive kinds of mango and is grown mainly in Kokan region of western India.

 It is in season April through May and the fruit wei…

INDIA 2016 : Mango production in state likely to take a hit this year

TNN | May 22, 2016, 12.32 PM IST






Mangaluru: Vagaries of nature is expected to take a toll on the production of King of Fruits - Mango - in Karnataka this year. A combination of failure of pre-monsoon showers at the flowering and growth stage and spike in temperature in mango growing belt of the state is expected to limit the total production of mango to an estimated 12 lakh tonnes in the current season as against 14 lakh tonnes in the last calendar year.



However, the good news for fruit lovers is that this could see price of mangoes across varieties decrease marginally by 2-3%. This is mainly on account of 'import' of the fruit from other mango-growing states in India, said M Kamalakshi Rajanna, chairperson, Karnataka State Mango Development and Marketing Corporation Ltd.




Karnataka is the third largest mango-growing state in India after Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra.



Inaugurating a two-day Vasanthotsava organized by Shivarama Karantha Pilikula Nisargadhama and the Corporation at P…

Mangoes date back 65 million years according to research ...

Experts at the Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeobotany (BSIP) here have traced the origin of mango to the hills of Meghalaya, India from a 65 million year-old fossil of a mango leaf. 





The earlier fossil records of mango (Mangifera indica) from the Northeast and elsewhere were 25 to 30 million years old. The 'carbonized leaf fossil' from Damalgiri area of Meghalaya hills, believed to be a mango tree from the peninsular India, was found by Dr R. C. Mehrotra, senior scientist, BSIP and his colleagues. 




After careful analysis of the fossil of the mango leaf and leaves of modern plants, the BISP scientist found many of the fossil leaf characters to be similar to mangifera.


An extensive study of the anatomy and morphology of several modern-day species of the genus mangifera with the fossil samples had reinforced the concept that its centre of origin is Northeast India, from where it spread into neighbouring areas, says Dr. Mehrotra. 




The genus is believed to have disseminated into neighb…