Skip to main content

NORWEGIAN WOOD : Oslo’s rapid growth redefines Nordic identity

15 January 2014 Last updated at 22:27 ET

By Maddy Savage
BBC News, Oslo


Norway's national opera house opened in 2008 amid controversy

Related Stories

Oslo's image is one of Viking history, snowy forests and fish and oil industries.

But Norway's largest city is Europe's fastest-growing capital and it is undergoing its biggest and most controversial makeover since the 17th Century.

Nowhere is Oslo's redevelopment more obvious than from the top of Norway's national opera house.

The gleaming marble and glass building opened in 2008, amidst rows over its contemporary design and a $835m (£424m) price tag.

Oslo's population

* 624,000 people live in the city

* 30.4% are immigrants or those born to immigrant parents

* Polish citizens are the largest immigrant group

* 1.7% population growth in 2012

* Projections suggest there will be 832,000 residents by 2040

Source: Statistics Norway, 2013

But with free public access to its sloping roof, it became a popular attraction, offering panoramic views of the capital's mountains and the Oslo fjord.

In 2014, the skyline on show is changing rapidly. From one side you can see a row of shiny skyscrapers lined up like vertical stripes, known as the Barcode.

Turn 90 degrees and there are construction workers building high-rise apartments, and replacing old roads with underground tunnels.

"A few years ago we had a flat city with just a few church spires,"
says Geir Haaversen, the lead architect behind the Barcode.

"We've had to adapt our ideas simply because there are so many more people living and working in Oslo.

"Trees are sacred here - Norwegians love going into the countryside - so the only option is to make the city denser and build upwards."


"Oslo can use this growth to become better or worse," says Geir Haaverson

Wealth and wellbeing

Oslo's population growth has exceeded 2% in recent years and the number of residents is expected to rise from 624,000 in 2013 to 832,000 in the 2040s, according to Statistics Norway.

The shift is partly a result of a rising birth rate alongside longer life expectancy. There has also been record immigration.

Norway has attracted a stream of newcomers since the late 1960s, when the discovery of North Sea oil started to make the country one of the world's richest.

These days, Poland and Latvia provide the largest proportion of new immigrants and growing numbers of people from troubled economies in southern Europe are also making the move.

"I earn three times as much as I did back home and that's before you include the tips,"
says Vasco Raposo, 23, who moved here in October 2012 and manages a bar in the city.

"Society is set up here so that nobody is really poor, no matter what job you do. I miss the sunshine but it's a decent trade-off,"
he says.


Vasco Raposo, 23, moved to Oslo in October 2012

Norway has led the global rankings for wealth and wellbeing for five years in a row, according the Legatum Prosperity Index, which ranks 110 nations.

With 100,000 new homes planned for the capital over the next 15 years it's no surprise that many of the immigrants making the move north are builders and designers.

Norway was recently voted the best place in the world for young architects to find work.

"Some weeks we can get hundreds of applications," says architect Geir Haaversen, "We barely have time to read all the resumes."

Luxury living

"Anyone who visited 10 years ago will be in for a shock if they return” 
~Petter Stordalen
Hotel owner

A six-minute tram ride from the opera house is the city's most luxurious new suburb, Tjuvholmen, or Thief Island.

Robbers used to be hanged here in the 18th Century; private developers moved in a few years ago after the area became an industrial wasteland.

The Astrup Fearnley Museum for modern art relocated here in 2012; a sail-shaped building designed by Renzo Piano, the Italian architect who was behind Paris' iconic Centre Georges Pompidou and London skyscraper The Shard.

Opposite, sits the first five-star hotel to be built in Oslo for more than 100 years, owned by one of the country's richest billionaires, CEO Petter Stordalen.

"We are part of the changing face of Oslo," he says as we meet in the hotel's dark lobby, filled with velvet sofas and international art.

"The city isn't just about fish and oil any more. We are becoming an architectural superpower and a destination for culture and business. Anyone who visited 10 years ago will be in for a shock if they return."

Identity crisis?

But Oslo's rapid redevelopment has led to strong criticism from some quarters.

One poll in Norway's Aftenposten newspaper suggested that 71% of the population was opposed to the Barcode skyscraper project.

"We have all these new high-rise buildings which stand out and are perhaps iconic, but the designers haven't thought enough about making a better city for the typical inhabitants,"
says Lars Roede, an architectural historian and former director of Oslo City Museum.

Oslo's new neighbourhoods

Bjorvika: Former industrial area of railway lines and a busy motorway, now home to the Norwegian Opera. Nearby skyscrapers known as the Barcode, will provide offices and apartments in a new financial district. Traffic has been diverted to underground tunnels to create a pedestrian zone

Old shipyards have been replaced by luxury apartments, restaurants and boutiques, the Astrup Fearnley Museum of Modern Art and a five-star hotel

Vulkan: Factories along a river bank have been converted into offices and apartments for people working in creative industries. There are dance studios, a theatre and Oslo's first food hall

Source: Visit Oslo

He argues that his capital is in danger of losing its Nordic identity.

"You could say that we've had more money than sense and ended up destroying the townscape that we are accustomed to and that we love."

For others, the debate surrounding Oslo's changing image taps into wider political arguments about Norway's increasingly multicultural population.

Two years after Anders Behring Breivik killed 77 people in Oslo and on the island of Utoya, the anti-immigration party he used to support entered government, as part of a coalition under new Conservative Prime Minister Erna Solberg.

"The majority of immigrants live in eastern Oslo where white faces are in the minority," explains one Norwegian taxi driver who does not want to be named.

"The smart buildings are mostly in the rich areas. They are a symbol of the growing wealth gap and a lack of assimilation. I worry that we could one day see the kind of riots they've had in Stockholm and Paris," he says.

Geir Haaverson insists creating a more integrated city is a key goal for planners and architects.

His company has won six competitions in a row to design new developments, including several in the east of the city.

The team focuses on including "social spaces" like squares and playgrounds where different nationalities can interact, along with green areas that embody "the Norwegian love of nature".

"Oslo can use this growth to become better or worse. It's an opportunity," he says.

"I'm confident that we are starting to put Oslo on the front pages for all the right reasons."

Popular posts from this blog


While "Flavor" is very subjective, and each country that grows mangoes is very nationalistic, these are the mango varieties that are the most sought after around the world because of sweetnesss (Brix) and demand.

The Chaunsa has a Brix rating in the 22 degree level which is unheard of!
Carabao claims to be the sweetest mango in the world and was able to register this in the Guiness book of world records.
Perhaps it is time for a GLOBAL taste test ???

In alphabetical order by Country....



Alphonso (mango)
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Alphonso (हापुस Haapoos in Marathi, હાફુસ in Gujarati, ಆಪೂಸ್ Aapoos in Kannada) is a mango cultivar that is considered by many[who?] to be one of the best in terms of sweetness, richness and flavor. 

It has considerable shelf life of a week after it is ripe making it exportable. 

It is also one of the most expensive kinds of mango and is grown mainly in Kokan region of western India.

 It is in season April through May and the fruit wei…

Mangoes date back 65 million years according to research ...

Experts at the Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeobotany (BSIP) here have traced the origin of mango to the hills of Meghalaya, India from a 65 million year-old fossil of a mango leaf. 

The earlier fossil records of mango (Mangifera indica) from the Northeast and elsewhere were 25 to 30 million years old. The 'carbonized leaf fossil' from Damalgiri area of Meghalaya hills, believed to be a mango tree from the peninsular India, was found by Dr R. C. Mehrotra, senior scientist, BSIP and his colleagues. 

After careful analysis of the fossil of the mango leaf and leaves of modern plants, the BISP scientist found many of the fossil leaf characters to be similar to mangifera.

An extensive study of the anatomy and morphology of several modern-day species of the genus mangifera with the fossil samples had reinforced the concept that its centre of origin is Northeast India, from where it spread into neighbouring areas, says Dr. Mehrotra. 

The genus is believed to have disseminated into neighb…

DHL (INDIA) makes gifting mangoes as easy as 1-2-3-....

Gifting mangoes is now easy with DHL
Announcement / Corporate

 May 19, 2011, 14:04 IST

Come this summer pamper your loved ones abroad with a box of delicious mangoes through DHL’s Express Easy Mango service, a unique one-stop-shop and hassle-free service for gifting mangoes all across the world.

This unique service by DHL Express, the world’s leading express company, allows customers to send mangoes from India across the world to the following countries Belgium, Canada, Czech Republic, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Hong Kong, Italy, Luxemburg, Maldives, Netherlands, Norway, Oman, Qatar Singapore, Switzerland and Sweden.

Mangoes can be availed of free of cost by merely paying for the Air Express service. In addition, DHL Express assists customers with the necessary paperwork along with procurement of quality-grade Alphonso mangoes.

Commenting on the new service, Mr. R.S Subramanian, Country Head, DHL Express India said: “With the advent of the mango season, it is no wonder that DHL Express Ea…