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INDIA : Drought Shrinks Size of Mangoes

By Papiya Bhattacharya

Published: 24th June 2014 07:47 AM

Last Updated: 24th June 2014 07:47 AM

BANGALORE: Most mango growing regions and belts have yielded fruits that are smaller this year. This is because of lack of sufficient moisture in the soil, say experts.

Y T N Reddy, principal scientist, Division of Fruit Crops at the Indian Institute of Horticultural Research (IIHR), Bangalore, said: “After the fruit sets (pea stage) in mango, it is recommended to irrigate 2-3 times to increase fruit size and quality. However, in most mango growing regions, especially in Karnataka, there was severe drought due to lack of sufficient rainfall in the previous years.”

As a result, there was practically no soil moisture available for plant growth and development.

Reddy said while “stress conditions” are ideal for flowering, for fruit growth and development, sufficient soil moisture is needed. Around 90 per cent of the mango orchards are rain-fed, and due to the poor rainfall there was an acute “moisture stress” leading to reduced fruit size.

In Karnataka, five to six varieties of mangoes are grown commercially in about 1,30,000 hectares.

Alphonso is grown in 40 per cent of the land, Bangalore in 20 per cent, Banganapally and Neelam in 10 per cent, Pairi in 5 per cent, Mallika in 2 per cent and others in 13 per cent.

Fruit size and fruit weight have reduced by 20-25 per cent in all varieties.

 Totapuri, Pairi, Mulgoa, Banganapally, Mallika and Alphonso fruit sizes have reduced more than Neelam, Kalapady, Rumani etc.

Reddy said, “The water table should be below six feet. In young and irrigated orchards, fruit size and weight are invariably more compared to old and non-irrigated mango orchards.”

Less Price

In general, small-sized mangoes fetch less price compared to bigger ones.

In grading also, the smaller ones are graded in the lower category, and may be rejected.

“The percentage of marketable fruits will come down due to fruit size and fruit weight reduction,” another mango expert told Express.

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The Chaunsa has a Brix rating in the 22 degree level which is unheard of!
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Alphonso (mango)
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Alphonso (हापुस Haapoos in Marathi, હાફુસ in Gujarati, ಆಪೂಸ್ Aapoos in Kannada) is a mango cultivar that is considered by many[who?] to be one of the best in terms of sweetness, richness and flavor. 

It has considerable shelf life of a week after it is ripe making it exportable. 

It is also one of the most expensive kinds of mango and is grown mainly in Kokan region of western India.

 It is in season April through May and the fruit wei…

INDIA 2016 : Mango production in state likely to take a hit this year

TNN | May 22, 2016, 12.32 PM IST

Mangaluru: Vagaries of nature is expected to take a toll on the production of King of Fruits - Mango - in Karnataka this year. A combination of failure of pre-monsoon showers at the flowering and growth stage and spike in temperature in mango growing belt of the state is expected to limit the total production of mango to an estimated 12 lakh tonnes in the current season as against 14 lakh tonnes in the last calendar year.

However, the good news for fruit lovers is that this could see price of mangoes across varieties decrease marginally by 2-3%. This is mainly on account of 'import' of the fruit from other mango-growing states in India, said M Kamalakshi Rajanna, chairperson, Karnataka State Mango Development and Marketing Corporation Ltd.

Karnataka is the third largest mango-growing state in India after Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra.

Inaugurating a two-day Vasanthotsava organized by Shivarama Karantha Pilikula Nisargadhama and the Corporation at P…

Mangoes date back 65 million years according to research ...

Experts at the Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeobotany (BSIP) here have traced the origin of mango to the hills of Meghalaya, India from a 65 million year-old fossil of a mango leaf. 

The earlier fossil records of mango (Mangifera indica) from the Northeast and elsewhere were 25 to 30 million years old. The 'carbonized leaf fossil' from Damalgiri area of Meghalaya hills, believed to be a mango tree from the peninsular India, was found by Dr R. C. Mehrotra, senior scientist, BSIP and his colleagues. 

After careful analysis of the fossil of the mango leaf and leaves of modern plants, the BISP scientist found many of the fossil leaf characters to be similar to mangifera.

An extensive study of the anatomy and morphology of several modern-day species of the genus mangifera with the fossil samples had reinforced the concept that its centre of origin is Northeast India, from where it spread into neighbouring areas, says Dr. Mehrotra. 

The genus is believed to have disseminated into neighb…