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Desarrollan en México un biofungicida que controla enfermedades del mango
























El biofungicida Fungifree AB, creado por científicos mexicanos, disminuye hasta un 60 por ciento un hongo que ataca al mango, con lo que se permite exportar hasta el 80 por ciento de la cosecha, informó la Academia Mexicana de las Ciencias (AMC).






El producto que se comercializa desde 2012 ha desarrollado no solo beneficios contra la antracnosis, enfermedad característica del mango, el cual también ataca a papayas, naranjas, aguacates, limones y toronjas; sino que también combate la cenicilla polvorienta, que suele atacar a la berenjena, el chile, el tomate y el jitomate, la calabaza, la calabacita, el melón, el pepino o la sandía, informó la AMC.



La Academia señaló en un comunicado que este producto, cuya presentación es en polvo y su aplicación es como la de cualquier otro método fungicida, beneficia las exportaciones y controla la enfermedad de los frutos de una manera menos tóxica para los cultivos.




Recordó que finales de los noventa, un grupo de investigadores del Instituto de Biotecnología de la UNAM iniciaron el proyecto como un producto de ciencia básica para solucionar el problema que genera el hongo Colletotrichum loesporoides, mejor conocido como antracnosis, el cual provoca manchas negras en mangos y otros frutos.




México, subrayó, es uno de los principales productores de mango a escala mundial, ya que de acuerdo con la Secretaría de Agricultura uno de cada veinte mangos que se consume en el mundo es mexicano.



Asimismo, en 2012, el país lideró las exportaciones al producir 300.000 toneladas de mango, aunque solo el 14 por ciento de esa producción se destina a su exportación, debido a los daños que provoca la antracnosis.




Por ello, los expertos Enrique Galindo Fentanes y Leobardo Serrano Carreón desarrollaron este producto que de manera orgánica, y evitando el uso de aditivos químicos, disminuye hasta un 60 por ciento la antracnosis y puede ampliar hasta dos semanas el tiempo de exportación del fruto.





El producto ganó el primer lugar en la edición 2014 del Premio de la Asociación Mexicana de Directivos de la Investigación Aplicada y el Desarrollo Tecnológico (Adiat), en la categoría de Innovación Tecnológica en el rubro PyME, y el Premio Innovadores de América 2014, en el que compitió con 122 proyectos.








Fuente: radioformula.com.mx




Fecha de publicación: 14/08/2014







http://www.freshplaza.es/article/84373/Desarrollan-en-M%C3%A9xico-un-biofungicida-que-controla-enfermedades-del-mango

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Alphonso (mango)
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Alphonso (हापुस Haapoos in Marathi, હાફુસ in Gujarati, ಆಪೂಸ್ Aapoos in Kannada) is a mango cultivar that is considered by many[who?] to be one of the best in terms of sweetness, richness and flavor. 


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