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Ecuador: Pronostican un 15% menos de mango para la cosecha 2014


















Las gavetas anaranjadas resaltan al pie de cientos de árboles de mango sembrados en hileras sobre terrenos llanos y lomas de la hacienda Bonanza, ubicada en el recinto Safando, a 15 minutos de la vía a la costa.





Decenas de hombres han comenzado a desprender con sus manos los mangos verdes de la variedad Ataúlfo, que tiene una forma alargada y es la que más pronto está lista para la cosecha después de un ciclo de 120 días.





Las primeras recolecciones van anticipando lo que podría pasar en el sector al final de la temporada: menos mangos por cada árbol. Arturo Coello, administrador de la hacienda, sostiene que la variación climática ha afectado a la productividad. “No hubo uniformidad en la floración, los árboles no florecieron al 100%”, dice.



Las bajas temperaturas por las noches, una condición para la floración, llegaron tardíamente en agosto, cuando lo ideal es que se presenten en junio. Además, las temperaturas del día fueron cambiantes.




El año pasado, esa hacienda produjo 1,8 millones de cajas de mangos y este año prevé coger entre 1,5 y 1,6 millones.




La fruta de Bonanza se empaca en Agriproduct, en la vía a Daule, donde pasa por un baño en agua caliente. 





Cerca del 31% de la producción nacional, que incluye 10 variedades, se procesa en esa planta.







En otras empresas, que arrancarán cosechas la próxima semana para exportar, hay previsiones menores o iguales al año pasado.








 Nicolás Rodríguez, gerente de SembriExport, estima que su cosecha de Tommy Atkins, Ataúlfo y Kent rendirá casi las 650.000 cajas de la temporada pasada. “Ha estado inestable la floración”, cuenta.





La baja productividad se reflejará en los envíos del país, que tiene en Estados Unidos su principal destino. Johnny Jara, de la Fundación Mango Ecuador, refiere que mientras en la campaña pasada se exportaron 11,85 millones de cajas (de cuatro kilos), esta temporada puede acercarse a los 10,5-10,8 millones.






Fuente: eluniverso.com



Fecha de publicación: 29/09/2014






http://www.freshplaza.es/article/85226/Ecuador-Pronostican-un-15-procent-de-mango-para-la-cosecha-2014






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Alphonso (mango)
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