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Published: 16 September 2014

Tiger VI funds announced

Ports and rail freight projects feature heavily in latest round of TIGER Grants

The US Department of Transportation (DOT) has announced 72 awards totalling $584M will be made under the sixth round of the Transport Investment Generating Economic Recovery (TIGER) grants. 

The list of “maritime” related grants (from the American Association of Port Authorities) in TIGER VI is:

Terminal 46 Modernisation Project in Seattle - $20M towards a $66M berth upgrade including an extension, new piling, crane rails and yard work.

Norfolk International Terminals in Virginia - $15M towards a $31M offramp to connect the terminal directly to the I-564 and eight acres of new yard space.

Port Newark Container Terminal in New Jersey - $14.8M towards a new gate complex and yard expansion. 

Wando Welch Terminal at Charleston - $10.8M towards the cost of structural repairs, new crane rails and piling for larger cranes and a deeper berth. 

Lake Charles Harbour and Terminal, Texas - $10M towards a new bulk cargo terminal.

Seward Marine Terminal, Alaska - $2.5M towards a new master plan. 

$1.1M for an Oil Spill Response Access Dock project for the Makah Tribe in Washington State.

Other “freight and port-related infrastructure projects” include $1.1M for a bridge replacement study in Baltimore and $2.8M for a similar study on the Long Bridge over the Potomac River in Colombia.

 Rail line upgrades feature heavily, with $8.1M for work on 55 miles of CSX rail line in New England, $5.8M for improvements in North Carolina and $250,00 towards a new bridge connecting Maine and New Hampshire.

The AAPA has been pushing for 25% of TIGER funding to be allocated to “port and port-related connector infrastructure” after these projects were awarded just 7% of funding in the first round. It has been very successful and that percentage has risen steadily to 22% by the fifth and sixth round.

More importantly TIGER funding has become a lot more focused on addressing bottlenecks in existing gateways, rather than projects that have ambitious plans to draw new cargo or achieve modal shift. 

Early TIGER rounds saw money go to several ports to buy mobile harbour cranes to try and attract new business. Some of these, notably the M-50 marine highway from Stockton to Oakland were not actually commercially viable.

The US Army Corp of Engineers also raised concerns that TIGER funding was going to ports that it did not regard as “nationally significant” in its dredging programme. That situation appears to have been addressed and terminals in the US main ports are now applying for and winning TIGER funding.

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While "Flavor" is very subjective, and each country that grows mangoes is very nationalistic, these are the mango varieties that are the most sought after around the world because of sweetnesss (Brix) and demand.

The Chaunsa has a Brix rating in the 22 degree level which is unheard of!
Carabao claims to be the sweetest mango in the world and was able to register this in the Guiness book of world records.
Perhaps it is time for a GLOBAL taste test ???

In alphabetical order by Country....



Alphonso (mango)
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Alphonso (हापुस Haapoos in Marathi, હાફુસ in Gujarati, ಆಪೂಸ್ Aapoos in Kannada) is a mango cultivar that is considered by many[who?] to be one of the best in terms of sweetness, richness and flavor. 

It has considerable shelf life of a week after it is ripe making it exportable. 

It is also one of the most expensive kinds of mango and is grown mainly in Kokan region of western India.

 It is in season April through May and the fruit wei…

INDIA 2016 : Mango production in state likely to take a hit this year

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Mangaluru: Vagaries of nature is expected to take a toll on the production of King of Fruits - Mango - in Karnataka this year. A combination of failure of pre-monsoon showers at the flowering and growth stage and spike in temperature in mango growing belt of the state is expected to limit the total production of mango to an estimated 12 lakh tonnes in the current season as against 14 lakh tonnes in the last calendar year.

However, the good news for fruit lovers is that this could see price of mangoes across varieties decrease marginally by 2-3%. This is mainly on account of 'import' of the fruit from other mango-growing states in India, said M Kamalakshi Rajanna, chairperson, Karnataka State Mango Development and Marketing Corporation Ltd.

Karnataka is the third largest mango-growing state in India after Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra.

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Mangoes date back 65 million years according to research ...

Experts at the Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeobotany (BSIP) here have traced the origin of mango to the hills of Meghalaya, India from a 65 million year-old fossil of a mango leaf. 

The earlier fossil records of mango (Mangifera indica) from the Northeast and elsewhere were 25 to 30 million years old. The 'carbonized leaf fossil' from Damalgiri area of Meghalaya hills, believed to be a mango tree from the peninsular India, was found by Dr R. C. Mehrotra, senior scientist, BSIP and his colleagues. 

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An extensive study of the anatomy and morphology of several modern-day species of the genus mangifera with the fossil samples had reinforced the concept that its centre of origin is Northeast India, from where it spread into neighbouring areas, says Dr. Mehrotra. 

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