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Japan comes calling on mango import from India

Details of VHT facilities have been sought, to appoint a supervisor for inspection

Dilip Kumar Jha | Mumbai
November 24, 2014 Last Updated at 10:22 IST


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In a significant change in the sentiment post Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s recent visit to Japan, the Japanese authority has expedited procedural obligations to step up mango import from India.

Advancing the process, Japanese quarantine authorities have sought details of  Vapor Heat Treatment  (VHT) facilities across Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Gujarat, UP and West Bengal (mango imports are permitted from these states) to appoint a supervisor for inspection.

The VHT system is a non-chemical alternative to control and quarantine unwanted insects and fungi in perishable commodities and tropical fruits. Interestingly, the health ministry of Japan  had in early July exempted inspection for chlorpyrifos, a chemical residue, in Indian mangoes.

Carrying out the Japan’s motif, India’s agricultural export promotion body, the Agricultural & Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (Apeda) has asked its interested members to submit details of VHT facilities by December 30 to enable it to extend the same to the Japanese quarantine authorities.

“Upon receipt of the information from your end we will be forwarding the same to the Japanese quarantine authorities for processing our request for deputation of the inspectors. The Japanese authorities need sufficient lead time for processing such requests,” said R Ravindra, Deputy General Manager, Apeda.

India’s fresh mango exports to Japan plunged to almost 'nil' in the last two years due to stringent quality norms set by the importing authorities. During 2011-12, however, India’s mango exports to Japan stood at 70 tonnes worth $0.18 million.

Japan currently ranks on 51st in India’s mango exports, way behind much smaller countries including Mali, Zambia, Poland and Portugal, slipping from 19th rank in 2011-12. 

** United Arab Emirates continues to lead with over 50% of share in India’s overall mango exports.

Modi’s five-day visit to Japan in September strengthened trade ties between the two countries.

While similar attempts were made during the last mango season, because of late initiatives, mango exports to Japan yielded elusive results.

“This year, we do not want to leave any stone unturned. We are making all possible attempts to increase our mango exports to Japan,”
said an industry official.

Apeda official, however, cautioned exporters that once details of the VHT facility and the schedule of the inspectors are finalized, there would be no change in the programme.

Also, the VHT facility must necessarily make all tie ups with pack houses/growers etc for proper off take to justify the deputation of the Japanese quarantine inspectors. 

As per protocol signed between the two countries, Japan accepts VHT mango varieities –Alphonso, Kesar, Banganpalli, Langra, Chausa and Malika only from Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Gujarat, UP and West Bengal.

Japan imposed a ban on the import of Indian mangoes because of suspected pest infestation by fruits flies. After two decades of the ban, Japan allowed import of Indian mango on June 23, 2006. However, since then, Japan has kept low on mango import from India.

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While "Flavor" is very subjective, and each country that grows mangoes is very nationalistic, these are the mango varieties that are the most sought after around the world because of sweetnesss (Brix) and demand.

The Chaunsa has a Brix rating in the 22 degree level which is unheard of!
Carabao claims to be the sweetest mango in the world and was able to register this in the Guiness book of world records.
Perhaps it is time for a GLOBAL taste test ???

In alphabetical order by Country....



Alphonso (mango)
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Alphonso (हापुस Haapoos in Marathi, હાફુસ in Gujarati, ಆಪೂಸ್ Aapoos in Kannada) is a mango cultivar that is considered by many[who?] to be one of the best in terms of sweetness, richness and flavor. 

It has considerable shelf life of a week after it is ripe making it exportable. 

It is also one of the most expensive kinds of mango and is grown mainly in Kokan region of western India.

 It is in season April through May and the fruit wei…

INDIA 2016 : Mango production in state likely to take a hit this year

TNN | May 22, 2016, 12.32 PM IST

Mangaluru: Vagaries of nature is expected to take a toll on the production of King of Fruits - Mango - in Karnataka this year. A combination of failure of pre-monsoon showers at the flowering and growth stage and spike in temperature in mango growing belt of the state is expected to limit the total production of mango to an estimated 12 lakh tonnes in the current season as against 14 lakh tonnes in the last calendar year.

However, the good news for fruit lovers is that this could see price of mangoes across varieties decrease marginally by 2-3%. This is mainly on account of 'import' of the fruit from other mango-growing states in India, said M Kamalakshi Rajanna, chairperson, Karnataka State Mango Development and Marketing Corporation Ltd.

Karnataka is the third largest mango-growing state in India after Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra.

Inaugurating a two-day Vasanthotsava organized by Shivarama Karantha Pilikula Nisargadhama and the Corporation at P…

Mangoes date back 65 million years according to research ...

Experts at the Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeobotany (BSIP) here have traced the origin of mango to the hills of Meghalaya, India from a 65 million year-old fossil of a mango leaf. 

The earlier fossil records of mango (Mangifera indica) from the Northeast and elsewhere were 25 to 30 million years old. The 'carbonized leaf fossil' from Damalgiri area of Meghalaya hills, believed to be a mango tree from the peninsular India, was found by Dr R. C. Mehrotra, senior scientist, BSIP and his colleagues. 

After careful analysis of the fossil of the mango leaf and leaves of modern plants, the BISP scientist found many of the fossil leaf characters to be similar to mangifera.

An extensive study of the anatomy and morphology of several modern-day species of the genus mangifera with the fossil samples had reinforced the concept that its centre of origin is Northeast India, from where it spread into neighbouring areas, says Dr. Mehrotra. 

The genus is believed to have disseminated into neighb…