Skip to main content

HARVESTING TECHNOLOGY : Little Uruguay has big plans for smart agriculture








lehman1.jpg







by Staff Writers
Montevideo (AFP) Dec 24, 2014






 





Uruguay, a country of 3.3 million inhabitants and four times as many cows, hopes to feed 50 million people thanks to drones, "smart" combines and other high-tech farming techniques.





At a farm a two-hour drive outside the capital Montevideo, combines on auto-pilot meticulously harvest every millimeter of field.




The farmer inside the machine, instead of driving, follows its progress on a screen as it collects data on crop yields per square meter that he will analyze to improve next year's harvest.



"For us, harvesting information is as important as harvesting grain,"
said farmer Gabriel Carballal.




Carballal, 40, began working on his family farm in 1999, originally using traditional methods.



But then came a "revolution" in planting technologies, machinery and crop management techniques, he told AFP.



That revolution has nearly doubled his yields in the course of a decade, thanks to genetically modified seeds, high-tech machines and "direct sowing" -- a technique that involves planting seeds directly into last year's fields, with minimal tilling, to protect the soil.



At the same time Uruguay, where the agriculture industry was traditionally geared toward cattle ranching, nearly tripled its cropland to 1.5 million hectares (3.7 million acres).



The small country, an agricultural dynamo with a temperate climate that is sandwiched between South American giants Argentina and Brazil, leads the world in arable land per person, with 15 million hectares.




It is also likely the only country with four cows per person, each of them equipped with an electronic ear chip to trace every cut of beef in this nation of steak lovers.






- Mathematics of erosion -



By betting on technology and boosting productivity, Uruguay has already gone from producing enough food for nine million people in 2005 to enough for 28 million people today.




The government has set a target of eventually feeding 50 million people, 15 times the population.



Behind this "agro-intelligent Uruguay," as the government puts it, are decades of joint research by the state and private farmers and ranchers, said Agriculture Minister Tabare Aguerre.



"We're using the soil more intensively. Since we have more than 50 years of research telling us which variables affect erosion and loss of soil quality, we've developed public policies... that apply a mathematical model predicting erosion,"
he told AFP.



That model enables the government to regulate soil usage with drones and satellite imagery to ensure farmers are following the rules.


"It's developed as public policy, but it's applied on the ground by nearly 500 private agronomics engineers,"
said the minister.



The government's flagship project is a national information system that will centralize data from each agricultural sector to guide policymakers.



The goal is to increase competitiveness but also protect family farms -- 75 percent of the total, but disappearing fast -- and preserve the country's resources, said Aguerre.



"Protecting soil quality doesn't mean not using the soil, it means using it responsibly,"
he said.




He pointed to the example of Uruguayan cattle ranchers, who cut emissions by 28 percent from 1990 to 2010.




"With science, we can intensify production and be more environmentally responsible in terms of greenhouse gas emissions,"
he said.






http://www.seeddaily.com/reports/Little_Uruguay_has_big_plans_for_smart_agriculture_999.html



Popular posts from this blog

MEET MELANIA TRUMP: The 5'11" supermodel married to Donald Trump

Aly Weisman, INSIDER

Sep. 2, 2015, 3:28 PM 











Chip Somodevilla/Getty Images







While Donald Trump loves to be the center of media attention, his third and current wife, Melania Trump, is a bit more camera shy.










The Slovenian-born model keeps a lower profile than her husband, doing philanthropy work, raising their son, working on a jewelry collection with QVC, and creating a $150-an-ounce caviar moisturizer.




With Trump on the campaign trail, Melania has stoically stood by his side.




But who exactly is Melania and where did she come from? Learn about Trump's other half here ...





Melania Knauss was born April 26, 1970, in Slovenia.




Wikimedia/Getty







The 5'11" brunette began her modeling career at 16, and signed with a modeling agency in Milan at 18.



Chris Hondros/Newsmakers via Getty









She took a break from modeling to get her degree in design and architecture at the University of Ljubljana in Slovenia.








Wikimedia/Getty

Source: MelaniaTrump.com









But after graduating, her modeling career took off and Me…

THE MOST SOUGHT AFTER MANGOES IN THE WORLD ....

While "Flavor" is very subjective, and each country that grows mangoes is very nationalistic, these are the mango varieties that are the most sought after around the world because of sweetnesss (Brix) and demand.

The Chaunsa has a Brix rating in the 22 degree level which is unheard of!
Carabao claims to be the sweetest mango in the world and was able to register this in the Guiness book of world records.
Perhaps it is time for a GLOBAL taste test ???





In alphabetical order by Country....










India




Alphonso





Alphonso (mango)
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia








Alphonso (हापुस Haapoos in Marathi, હાફુસ in Gujarati, ಆಪೂಸ್ Aapoos in Kannada) is a mango cultivar that is considered by many[who?] to be one of the best in terms of sweetness, richness and flavor. 


It has considerable shelf life of a week after it is ripe making it exportable. 

It is also one of the most expensive kinds of mango and is grown mainly in Kokan region of western India.

 It is in season April through May and the fruit wei…

INDIA 2016 : Mango production in state likely to take a hit this year

TNN | May 22, 2016, 12.32 PM IST






Mangaluru: Vagaries of nature is expected to take a toll on the production of King of Fruits - Mango - in Karnataka this year. A combination of failure of pre-monsoon showers at the flowering and growth stage and spike in temperature in mango growing belt of the state is expected to limit the total production of mango to an estimated 12 lakh tonnes in the current season as against 14 lakh tonnes in the last calendar year.



However, the good news for fruit lovers is that this could see price of mangoes across varieties decrease marginally by 2-3%. This is mainly on account of 'import' of the fruit from other mango-growing states in India, said M Kamalakshi Rajanna, chairperson, Karnataka State Mango Development and Marketing Corporation Ltd.




Karnataka is the third largest mango-growing state in India after Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra.



Inaugurating a two-day Vasanthotsava organized by Shivarama Karantha Pilikula Nisargadhama and the Corporation at P…