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Known as the national fruit of the country, the pulpy-sweet mango is the third most important fruit crop next to banana and pineapple in terms of export volume and value, according to the Department of Agriculture High Value Crops Development Program.

The ‘Carabao’ mango, or otherwise known as the Philippine Super Mango, is one of the most loved varieties in the world for its sweetness, aroma, and exotic taste.

In the study on “Genetic Markers and Immuno-based Identification of Philippine ‘Carabao’ Mango”, project leader Dr. Edgardo E. Tulin from the Visayas State University said that there is a problem with the authentication of Philippine ‘Carabao’ mango due to mislabelling in many nurseries and orchards in the country.

“We cannot be sure if the mango seedlings they have (in nurseries) are ‘Carabao’ mango. It takes years to bear fruit, so we really need to be sure before we plant it. Otherwise, we will wait for five years; then, it’s useless if we find out later that it’s not ‘Carabao’ mango after all,”
says Dr. Tulin.

The study aims to develop a “dipstick” kit which when dipped into the mango leaf extract will react by showing a distinctive line with a dark purple color indicative of a positive (‘Carabao’ mango) reaction. Otherwise, no line and no color (other mango varieties) will appear on the membrane of the stick.

According to Dr. Tulin, with the completion of the study, the mango growers can be guaranteed that the planting materials being sold in the nurseries are true-to-type ‘Carabao’ mango. Likewise, the nurseries can confidently propagate genuine ‘Carabao’ mango seedlings.

The dipstick is a disposable product with an estimated cost of less than P100. The target markets of the said dipstick are nurseries, plantations, or the Bureau of Plant Industry which can use it for accreditation of nurseries and other regulatory purposes.

Dr. Tulin however noted that there is no protein sequencing facility yet in the country, which could build a gap for this kind of initiative. 

Hence, he hopes to have a protein sequencing facility in the Visayas to further their research as ‘Carabao’ mango is the country’s “gold mine”.

The accomplishments of the project were presented during the Science and Technology Forum on Agri-Aqua Genomics held on November 26 at the ICTO Audio-Visual Room in Diliman, Quezon City in celebration of the 10th National Biotechnology Week. 

The forum was organized by the Department of Science and Technology - Philippine Council for Agriculture, Aquatic and Natural Resources Research and Development (DOST-PCAARRD), the funding agency of the project. (S&T Media Service)

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While "Flavor" is very subjective, and each country that grows mangoes is very nationalistic, these are the mango varieties that are the most sought after around the world because of sweetnesss (Brix) and demand.

The Chaunsa has a Brix rating in the 22 degree level which is unheard of!
Carabao claims to be the sweetest mango in the world and was able to register this in the Guiness book of world records.
Perhaps it is time for a GLOBAL taste test ???

In alphabetical order by Country....



Alphonso (mango)
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Alphonso (हापुस Haapoos in Marathi, હાફુસ in Gujarati, ಆಪೂಸ್ Aapoos in Kannada) is a mango cultivar that is considered by many[who?] to be one of the best in terms of sweetness, richness and flavor. 

It has considerable shelf life of a week after it is ripe making it exportable. 

It is also one of the most expensive kinds of mango and is grown mainly in Kokan region of western India.

 It is in season April through May and the fruit wei…

INDIA 2016 : Mango production in state likely to take a hit this year

TNN | May 22, 2016, 12.32 PM IST

Mangaluru: Vagaries of nature is expected to take a toll on the production of King of Fruits - Mango - in Karnataka this year. A combination of failure of pre-monsoon showers at the flowering and growth stage and spike in temperature in mango growing belt of the state is expected to limit the total production of mango to an estimated 12 lakh tonnes in the current season as against 14 lakh tonnes in the last calendar year.

However, the good news for fruit lovers is that this could see price of mangoes across varieties decrease marginally by 2-3%. This is mainly on account of 'import' of the fruit from other mango-growing states in India, said M Kamalakshi Rajanna, chairperson, Karnataka State Mango Development and Marketing Corporation Ltd.

Karnataka is the third largest mango-growing state in India after Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra.

Inaugurating a two-day Vasanthotsava organized by Shivarama Karantha Pilikula Nisargadhama and the Corporation at P…

Mangoes date back 65 million years according to research ...

Experts at the Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeobotany (BSIP) here have traced the origin of mango to the hills of Meghalaya, India from a 65 million year-old fossil of a mango leaf. 

The earlier fossil records of mango (Mangifera indica) from the Northeast and elsewhere were 25 to 30 million years old. The 'carbonized leaf fossil' from Damalgiri area of Meghalaya hills, believed to be a mango tree from the peninsular India, was found by Dr R. C. Mehrotra, senior scientist, BSIP and his colleagues. 

After careful analysis of the fossil of the mango leaf and leaves of modern plants, the BISP scientist found many of the fossil leaf characters to be similar to mangifera.

An extensive study of the anatomy and morphology of several modern-day species of the genus mangifera with the fossil samples had reinforced the concept that its centre of origin is Northeast India, from where it spread into neighbouring areas, says Dr. Mehrotra. 

The genus is believed to have disseminated into neighb…