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These Charts Show Which Languages Have The Most Global Influence


















DRAKE BAER


DEC. 16, 2014, 3:21 PM















Many of most-spoken languages in the world — like Mandarin, Hindi, and Arabic — are far from being the most influential.






As new MIT-led research suggests, those languages live in relative isolation, while a few tiny tongues are hugely influential.





"A language like Dutch — spoken by 27 million people — can be a disproportionately large conduit, compared with a language like Arabic, which has a whopping 530 million native and second-language speakers," Science reports.




 "This is because the Dutch are very multilingual and very online." 






To find out which languages are the most influential around the world, MIT researchers Shahar Ronen, César Hidalgo, and their co-authors tracked book translations, multiple language editions of Wikipedia, and multilingual Twitter users to see how languages interact with one another. 




The below graphs show the connections different languages have with one another through these online platforms, forming what the authors call "Global Language Networks."













Here are the charts:









PNAS








PNAS











PNAS








Of course, this is an elite sample — most people don't have internet access — but these charts are a measure of influence, not population.








As you can see from the below graphics, some languages — namely, English — act as a hub for the world. And others like French, German, and Spanish serve as the hubs of other language families.





There are a few takeaways here. If you want your kids to be able to interact with large swathes of the world, teach them Spanish. But if you want them to be able to correspond with a more secluded group, go for Chinese.







This analysis sheds light on political dynamics as well.






As the authors argue in their conclusion:




Although languages such as Chinese, Arabic, and Hindi are immensely popular, we document an important sense in which these languages are more peripheral to the world’s network of linguistic influence.




For example, the low volume of translations into Arabic, which had been identified as an obstacle to the dissemination of outside knowledge into the Arab world, is indicated by our book translation [global language network] and matched by the peripheral position of Arabic in the Twitter and Wikipedia [global language networks].














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While "Flavor" is very subjective, and each country that grows mangoes is very nationalistic, these are the mango varieties that are the most sought after around the world because of sweetnesss (Brix) and demand.

The Chaunsa has a Brix rating in the 22 degree level which is unheard of!
Carabao claims to be the sweetest mango in the world and was able to register this in the Guiness book of world records.
Perhaps it is time for a GLOBAL taste test ???





In alphabetical order by Country....










India




Alphonso





Alphonso (mango)
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia








Alphonso (हापुस Haapoos in Marathi, હાફુસ in Gujarati, ಆಪೂಸ್ Aapoos in Kannada) is a mango cultivar that is considered by many[who?] to be one of the best in terms of sweetness, richness and flavor. 


It has considerable shelf life of a week after it is ripe making it exportable. 

It is also one of the most expensive kinds of mango and is grown mainly in Kokan region of western India.

 It is in season April through May and the fruit wei…

INDIA 2016 : Mango production in state likely to take a hit this year

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Mangaluru: Vagaries of nature is expected to take a toll on the production of King of Fruits - Mango - in Karnataka this year. A combination of failure of pre-monsoon showers at the flowering and growth stage and spike in temperature in mango growing belt of the state is expected to limit the total production of mango to an estimated 12 lakh tonnes in the current season as against 14 lakh tonnes in the last calendar year.



However, the good news for fruit lovers is that this could see price of mangoes across varieties decrease marginally by 2-3%. This is mainly on account of 'import' of the fruit from other mango-growing states in India, said M Kamalakshi Rajanna, chairperson, Karnataka State Mango Development and Marketing Corporation Ltd.




Karnataka is the third largest mango-growing state in India after Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra.



Inaugurating a two-day Vasanthotsava organized by Shivarama Karantha Pilikula Nisargadhama and the Corporation at P…