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INDIA : Mango supply can't meet demand

TNN | Mar 20, 2015, 02.18 AM IST

PUNE: The Hindu new year, Gudi Padwa, is just around the corner but the famed and much-loved alphonso mangoes are missing from the shelves.

Unseasonal rain has hit the agriculture output badly and mangoes are no exception. Traders say the shortage of alphonso mangoes has reached 60%, but the prices have almost doubled.

With exports to the European Union starting in April, the supply may dip by almost 70%, said a trader.

Ratnagiri-based grower Mandar Desai said that though mangoes are arriving, the fully riped ones, which can be used immediately for Gudi Padwa, are in short supply. "Unseasonal rain and high demand for festival are responsible for the crisis. Last Padwa, a dozen of ready-to-eat alphonsos cost anything between Rs 600 and Rs 900. This year, it is sold for Rs 1,000-Rs 1,800," said Desai.

The prices generally drop by April first week as fresh stocks arrive. But this year it may hover around Rs 600-Rs 900 per dozen. 

Last year, the cost was around Rs 400 to Rs 600. "Alphonso supply may be 30-35% less this year," added Desai.

Nishant Sawant, a grower from Konkan, said the supply could drop by half this year. "Not just the rain, but the re-flowering from December till January due to sudden weather changes has also affected the crop," he said.

Sawant said the sudden changes in weather and its consequent effect on mangoes are perhaps the first he has seen as a grower in the last 15 years. "Though such changes happen in a long cycle, the severity this time is extreme. So much so that my production has come down by 50% - from 3,000 parcels I supply each year to 1,500," said Sawant, pegging the current shortage of alphonso in the market at 60%. He said that instead of harvesting the crop daily (as he would every year), he now does it twice or thrice a week.

For growers from Konkan, the region known for alphonso mangoes, the production may come down by about 70%. "Only 20% to 30% produce is left across Konkan, especially in Ratnagiri, Sindhudurg and Raigad. The variation in temperature that started around December 20 not only caused double flowering but an increase in male flowers, which affects the output," said Vivek Bhide, a grower and exporter. 

The yield is so low that Bhide has decided not to export mangoes this year.

Nathsaheb Parashram Khaire, a fruit commission agent in Gultekdi, said the city is receiving close to 1,000 boxes (each box contains four to seven dozen mangoes) a day as against 2,000 boxes it used to get last year during this period. "The Kesar variety, which comes from Gujarat, may also be short by 30-40% this year due to unseasonal rain there," he said.

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While "Flavor" is very subjective, and each country that grows mangoes is very nationalistic, these are the mango varieties that are the most sought after around the world because of sweetnesss (Brix) and demand.

The Chaunsa has a Brix rating in the 22 degree level which is unheard of!
Carabao claims to be the sweetest mango in the world and was able to register this in the Guiness book of world records.
Perhaps it is time for a GLOBAL taste test ???

In alphabetical order by Country....



Alphonso (mango)
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Alphonso (हापुस Haapoos in Marathi, હાફુસ in Gujarati, ಆಪೂಸ್ Aapoos in Kannada) is a mango cultivar that is considered by many[who?] to be one of the best in terms of sweetness, richness and flavor. 

It has considerable shelf life of a week after it is ripe making it exportable. 

It is also one of the most expensive kinds of mango and is grown mainly in Kokan region of western India.

 It is in season April through May and the fruit wei…

INDIA 2016 : Mango production in state likely to take a hit this year

TNN | May 22, 2016, 12.32 PM IST

Mangaluru: Vagaries of nature is expected to take a toll on the production of King of Fruits - Mango - in Karnataka this year. A combination of failure of pre-monsoon showers at the flowering and growth stage and spike in temperature in mango growing belt of the state is expected to limit the total production of mango to an estimated 12 lakh tonnes in the current season as against 14 lakh tonnes in the last calendar year.

However, the good news for fruit lovers is that this could see price of mangoes across varieties decrease marginally by 2-3%. This is mainly on account of 'import' of the fruit from other mango-growing states in India, said M Kamalakshi Rajanna, chairperson, Karnataka State Mango Development and Marketing Corporation Ltd.

Karnataka is the third largest mango-growing state in India after Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra.

Inaugurating a two-day Vasanthotsava organized by Shivarama Karantha Pilikula Nisargadhama and the Corporation at P…

Mangoes date back 65 million years according to research ...

Experts at the Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeobotany (BSIP) here have traced the origin of mango to the hills of Meghalaya, India from a 65 million year-old fossil of a mango leaf. 

The earlier fossil records of mango (Mangifera indica) from the Northeast and elsewhere were 25 to 30 million years old. The 'carbonized leaf fossil' from Damalgiri area of Meghalaya hills, believed to be a mango tree from the peninsular India, was found by Dr R. C. Mehrotra, senior scientist, BSIP and his colleagues. 

After careful analysis of the fossil of the mango leaf and leaves of modern plants, the BISP scientist found many of the fossil leaf characters to be similar to mangifera.

An extensive study of the anatomy and morphology of several modern-day species of the genus mangifera with the fossil samples had reinforced the concept that its centre of origin is Northeast India, from where it spread into neighbouring areas, says Dr. Mehrotra. 

The genus is believed to have disseminated into neighb…