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INDIA PREPARES FOR 2015 MANGO SEASON


























Fragrance of mangoes in air at Muthalamada




K.A. SHAJI









Mango orchards spread in 45,000 hectares in this village panchayat, sharing border with Tamil Nadu, have started bustling with activity this week with popular varieties of mangoes in the ripening phase.





Muthalamada is the biggest centre of mango production in the entire country and its varieties are the early birds, which reach the world market much before the mangoes mature in the gardens of the competitors in Peru and Venezuela.




Exports of mangoes alone are worth Rs.200 crore per season in this otherwise sleepy region of Palakkad. The recent decision of European Union to lift the seven-month-old ban on Indian mangoes has come as a major relief for the mango growers in Muthalamada and many have bumper harvest this time.




“Exporters have already started flocking our villages. The yield is high this time while comparing with the previous years. While comparing with other mango hubs in the country, harvesting begins first in Muthalamada by February end every year and the season continues till July end,’’ says Mohan Kumar, general secretary of Muthalamada Mango Merchants Association.




In each mango orchard, temporary workers can be seen plucking mangoes meant for exports under the strict watch of contractors. Numerous trucks can be seen rushing in and out of the mango tree gardens carrying farm fresh mangoes to the wholesale markets. Strict quality control is in place for mangoes meant for Gulf and European countries.






In the face of allegations that the orchards use heavy doses of pesticides, many have come up this time with organically cultivated mangoes with a high price tag.




According to environmentalist S. Guruvayurappan, Muthalamada produces almost all the best and most sought-after varieties of mangoes in India — Alphonso, Neelam, Mallika, Malgova, Chenthooram, etc — and all have overwhelming demand in the external market.





Muthalamada mangoes are also getting wide acclaim for their flavour, taste, and juiciness.





P.K. Haneefa, secretary of the Mango Farmers Association, said the panchayat had over 600 contractors, 36 registered exporters, and 20 mango-parking facilities.




They provide jobs to a minimum of 15,000 people in a season as pluckers, sorters, and packers. A number of mango lovers from areas around Palakkad are also reaching Muthalamada now to buy their preferred varieties direct from farms.






http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/kerala/fragrance-of-mangoes-in-air-at-muthalamada/article6961506.ece



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In alphabetical order by Country....










India




Alphonso





Alphonso (mango)
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia








Alphonso (हापुस Haapoos in Marathi, હાફુસ in Gujarati, ಆಪೂಸ್ Aapoos in Kannada) is a mango cultivar that is considered by many[who?] to be one of the best in terms of sweetness, richness and flavor. 


It has considerable shelf life of a week after it is ripe making it exportable. 

It is also one of the most expensive kinds of mango and is grown mainly in Kokan region of western India.

 It is in season April through May and the fruit wei…

INDIA 2016 : Mango production in state likely to take a hit this year

TNN | May 22, 2016, 12.32 PM IST






Mangaluru: Vagaries of nature is expected to take a toll on the production of King of Fruits - Mango - in Karnataka this year. A combination of failure of pre-monsoon showers at the flowering and growth stage and spike in temperature in mango growing belt of the state is expected to limit the total production of mango to an estimated 12 lakh tonnes in the current season as against 14 lakh tonnes in the last calendar year.



However, the good news for fruit lovers is that this could see price of mangoes across varieties decrease marginally by 2-3%. This is mainly on account of 'import' of the fruit from other mango-growing states in India, said M Kamalakshi Rajanna, chairperson, Karnataka State Mango Development and Marketing Corporation Ltd.




Karnataka is the third largest mango-growing state in India after Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra.



Inaugurating a two-day Vasanthotsava organized by Shivarama Karantha Pilikula Nisargadhama and the Corporation at P…

Mangoes date back 65 million years according to research ...

Experts at the Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeobotany (BSIP) here have traced the origin of mango to the hills of Meghalaya, India from a 65 million year-old fossil of a mango leaf. 





The earlier fossil records of mango (Mangifera indica) from the Northeast and elsewhere were 25 to 30 million years old. The 'carbonized leaf fossil' from Damalgiri area of Meghalaya hills, believed to be a mango tree from the peninsular India, was found by Dr R. C. Mehrotra, senior scientist, BSIP and his colleagues. 




After careful analysis of the fossil of the mango leaf and leaves of modern plants, the BISP scientist found many of the fossil leaf characters to be similar to mangifera.


An extensive study of the anatomy and morphology of several modern-day species of the genus mangifera with the fossil samples had reinforced the concept that its centre of origin is Northeast India, from where it spread into neighbouring areas, says Dr. Mehrotra. 




The genus is believed to have disseminated into neighb…