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About 99 Percent of the Ocean’s Plastic Has Disappeared. Where It’s Ending Up Should Scare All of Us
















Experts suspect that fish are eating a significant amount of our trash.











(Photo: Jason Swain/Getty Images)




July 01, 2014 












From water bottles to the microbeads in our face wash, we send millions of tons of plastic into the ocean every year. 



Not only does it amount to $13 billion in damages to the environment, but it costs the lives of the marine animals that end up choking on our garbage. 





A new study has found even grimmer news: About 99 percent of the ocean’s plastic is missing, and there’s a chance that a large amount is ending up on our dinner plates.





The study, published yesterday in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, reported data collected from all major ocean gyres in 2010 and 2011. 



When researchers used mesh nets to determine how much plastic the garbage patches have, they didn’t find as much trash as expected.




“We can’t account for 99 percent of the plastic that we have in the ocean,” lead researcher Carlos Duarte told Science. “There is potential for this plastic to enter the global ocean food web.… And we are part of [it].”





According to Duarte, there’s a good chance that marine wildlife is eating the ocean’s plastic, which could look like fish food after waves and sunlight break it down into tiny pieces.




It’s indisputable that animals are eating our trash, according to oceanographer Peter Davison of the Farallon Institute for Advanced Ecosystem Research, but we don’t know the consequences. 




The ingested material could end up in the tuna that we eat, or as Davison told Science, plastic in fish “may dissolve back into the water…or for all we know they’re puking or pooping it out, and there’s no long-term damage. We don’t know.”






Where else could all that plastic be going? Microbes could be ingesting it. It could be washing ashore or degrading into nearly undetectable pieces. Animal feces could be dragging it down to the ocean floor.






Or are we simply producing less trash than scientists assume? The study, after all, used estimates of the amount of plastic entering the ocean from almost a half century ago.






“We’re desperately in need of a better estimate of how much plastic is entering the ocean annually,” oceanographer Kara Law told Science.


 “I don’t think we can conceive of the worst-case scenario, quite frankly. We really don’t know what this plastic is doing.”








It would be nice to assume that we’re learning our lesson and throwing away less of the pesky material. 




But solid evidence—just Google “Pacific Garbage Patch”—tells us that we don’t need more alarming statistics to force us into doing less damage to the planet.






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The Chaunsa has a Brix rating in the 22 degree level which is unheard of!
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Perhaps it is time for a GLOBAL taste test ???





In alphabetical order by Country....










India




Alphonso





Alphonso (mango)
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia








Alphonso (हापुस Haapoos in Marathi, હાફુસ in Gujarati, ಆಪೂಸ್ Aapoos in Kannada) is a mango cultivar that is considered by many[who?] to be one of the best in terms of sweetness, richness and flavor. 


It has considerable shelf life of a week after it is ripe making it exportable. 

It is also one of the most expensive kinds of mango and is grown mainly in Kokan region of western India.

 It is in season April through May and the fruit wei…

INDIA 2016 : Mango production in state likely to take a hit this year

TNN | May 22, 2016, 12.32 PM IST






Mangaluru: Vagaries of nature is expected to take a toll on the production of King of Fruits - Mango - in Karnataka this year. A combination of failure of pre-monsoon showers at the flowering and growth stage and spike in temperature in mango growing belt of the state is expected to limit the total production of mango to an estimated 12 lakh tonnes in the current season as against 14 lakh tonnes in the last calendar year.



However, the good news for fruit lovers is that this could see price of mangoes across varieties decrease marginally by 2-3%. This is mainly on account of 'import' of the fruit from other mango-growing states in India, said M Kamalakshi Rajanna, chairperson, Karnataka State Mango Development and Marketing Corporation Ltd.




Karnataka is the third largest mango-growing state in India after Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra.



Inaugurating a two-day Vasanthotsava organized by Shivarama Karantha Pilikula Nisargadhama and the Corporation at P…

Mangoes date back 65 million years according to research ...

Experts at the Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeobotany (BSIP) here have traced the origin of mango to the hills of Meghalaya, India from a 65 million year-old fossil of a mango leaf. 





The earlier fossil records of mango (Mangifera indica) from the Northeast and elsewhere were 25 to 30 million years old. The 'carbonized leaf fossil' from Damalgiri area of Meghalaya hills, believed to be a mango tree from the peninsular India, was found by Dr R. C. Mehrotra, senior scientist, BSIP and his colleagues. 




After careful analysis of the fossil of the mango leaf and leaves of modern plants, the BISP scientist found many of the fossil leaf characters to be similar to mangifera.


An extensive study of the anatomy and morphology of several modern-day species of the genus mangifera with the fossil samples had reinforced the concept that its centre of origin is Northeast India, from where it spread into neighbouring areas, says Dr. Mehrotra. 




The genus is believed to have disseminated into neighb…