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INDIA RESEARCH : 'Climate Change can Hit Pollinators'































By Express News Service

Published: 18th August 2015 03:19 AM

Last Updated: 18th August 2015 03:19 AM














KOCHI: Studies conducted by various institutions under the Indian Council for Agriculture Research (ICAR), as part of the National Innovations on Climate Resilient Agriculture (NICRA) initiative, has found that climate change has a significant impact on pollinators in the country, particularly in fruit and vegetable crops.





Research has come up with interesting findings, including the study on activities of Indian little bee/dwarf bee (Apis Florea) that showed a declining trend as a result of rising temperature. 








Studies conducted in the major mango belts - Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra and Uttar Pradesh - from 2011 to 2015 revealed notable variations in pollinator activity. 





“The Indian little bee showed significant negative correlation with temperature during the blossom season,”
stated a report on the studies conducted by five national institutions under the ICAR.









The report was presented at the national review workshop of the NICRA, which concluded at the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute the other day.


“The negative correlation between the rise in temperature and the Indian little bee was further confirmed by the observation that activity of the dwarf bee declined beyond 30 per cent. But, Chrysomya Megacephala remained unaffected, making a desirable species in high temperature,” stated the report. 








Among the species tested, Chrysomya Megacephala was found to be the most efficient pollinator of mango.




“Studies conducted in the mango belt also found an interesting correlation between rise in temperature and the number of bisexual flowers. Increased temperature enhances the proportion of hermaphrodite flowers,”
  it said. 



Studies were conducted on the effects of climate change on pollinator population in four centres under the NICRA, each institute concentrating on a different crop. Apart from mango plantations, pollinator activity in cardamom, coffee, sunflower, mustard and apple plantations was also brought under scrutiny.








http://www.newindianexpress.com/cities/kochi/Climate-Change-can-Hit-Pollinators/2015/08/18/article2979653.ece


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Alphonso





Alphonso (mango)
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia








Alphonso (हापुस Haapoos in Marathi, હાફુસ in Gujarati, ಆಪೂಸ್ Aapoos in Kannada) is a mango cultivar that is considered by many[who?] to be one of the best in terms of sweetness, richness and flavor. 


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It is also one of the most expensive kinds of mango and is grown mainly in Kokan region of western India.

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