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PAKISTAN 2015 : Scientists urged to develop new mango varieties

August 05, 2015

MULTAN (APP): Special secretary agriculture Punjab, Gulzar Hussain Shah Tuesday urged the scientists to develop new mango varieties in accordance with the specific taste and nutritional habits of consumers from lucrative foreign markets to enhance country’s foreign exchange earnings. 

Scientists should develop mango varieties having good nutritional value but low Fructose and Sucrose, have exotic taste and aroma, are in good shape and colour, have more pulp and smaller stone and a stronger connecting branch so it does not fall due to duststorm, Gulzar said during visit to different sections of Mango Research Institute (MRI) here on Tuesday. 

The varieties having exotic taste, better shelf life and quality and good nutritional value can penetrate lucrative foreign markets like Japan, USA and European Union, says a release issued by media liaison unit of Punjab agriculture department.

The special secretary agriculture also advised quarters concerned to pay attention to exporting those existing mango varieties which have not so far been exported. 

Director MRI Mushtaq Ahmad Alvi disclosed that two new mango varieties including ‘Azeemo’ and ‘Sindhri Late’ were being introduced which he added matched international standards and possessed good export potential.

More varieties including ‘Hassaan’, ‘’Rohan’, and ‘Aalishan’ were undergoing propagation process, he added.

Alvi said that 91 ton mango was exported last year which was around five per cent of the national production.

Mango export volume in the on-going year so far was 71 ton, he added.

He said that mango production capability of Punjab was 12 ton per hectare which was 7.5 ton per hectare in India.

He said that MRI was engaged in research in different sections including horticulture, plant pathology, Entomology, plant nutrition, and post harvest.

Horticulture wing was focusing on developing new varieties and introducing modern and disease-free mango nursery in Pot Media, he added.

Plant pathology wing was engaged in research on finding a cure for different orchard diseases while Entomology wing was developing efficient ways to counter fruit fly, and other pests attack.

Special secretary agriculture promised to fill in vacant posts of scientists and other staff at the MRI.

Earlier, he visited the experimental cotton fields which were developed with the assistance from Chinese experts at Cotton Research Station Multan and Shujabad to assess impact of Growth Regulator and Flumetralin technologies, the release concluded.

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While "Flavor" is very subjective, and each country that grows mangoes is very nationalistic, these are the mango varieties that are the most sought after around the world because of sweetnesss (Brix) and demand.

The Chaunsa has a Brix rating in the 22 degree level which is unheard of!
Carabao claims to be the sweetest mango in the world and was able to register this in the Guiness book of world records.
Perhaps it is time for a GLOBAL taste test ???

In alphabetical order by Country....



Alphonso (mango)
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Alphonso (हापुस Haapoos in Marathi, હાફુસ in Gujarati, ಆಪೂಸ್ Aapoos in Kannada) is a mango cultivar that is considered by many[who?] to be one of the best in terms of sweetness, richness and flavor. 

It has considerable shelf life of a week after it is ripe making it exportable. 

It is also one of the most expensive kinds of mango and is grown mainly in Kokan region of western India.

 It is in season April through May and the fruit wei…

Mangoes date back 65 million years according to research ...

Experts at the Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeobotany (BSIP) here have traced the origin of mango to the hills of Meghalaya, India from a 65 million year-old fossil of a mango leaf. 

The earlier fossil records of mango (Mangifera indica) from the Northeast and elsewhere were 25 to 30 million years old. The 'carbonized leaf fossil' from Damalgiri area of Meghalaya hills, believed to be a mango tree from the peninsular India, was found by Dr R. C. Mehrotra, senior scientist, BSIP and his colleagues. 

After careful analysis of the fossil of the mango leaf and leaves of modern plants, the BISP scientist found many of the fossil leaf characters to be similar to mangifera.

An extensive study of the anatomy and morphology of several modern-day species of the genus mangifera with the fossil samples had reinforced the concept that its centre of origin is Northeast India, from where it spread into neighbouring areas, says Dr. Mehrotra. 

The genus is believed to have disseminated into neighb…

INDIA 2016 : Mango production in state likely to take a hit this year

TNN | May 22, 2016, 12.32 PM IST

Mangaluru: Vagaries of nature is expected to take a toll on the production of King of Fruits - Mango - in Karnataka this year. A combination of failure of pre-monsoon showers at the flowering and growth stage and spike in temperature in mango growing belt of the state is expected to limit the total production of mango to an estimated 12 lakh tonnes in the current season as against 14 lakh tonnes in the last calendar year.

However, the good news for fruit lovers is that this could see price of mangoes across varieties decrease marginally by 2-3%. This is mainly on account of 'import' of the fruit from other mango-growing states in India, said M Kamalakshi Rajanna, chairperson, Karnataka State Mango Development and Marketing Corporation Ltd.

Karnataka is the third largest mango-growing state in India after Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra.

Inaugurating a two-day Vasanthotsava organized by Shivarama Karantha Pilikula Nisargadhama and the Corporation at P…