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Genome sequencing of Australia's most popular mango unlocks path to better fruit

ABC Rural By Matt Brann

Posted about 3 hours ago


Researchers have sequenced the genome of Australia's most popular mango, the Kensington Pride, unlocking the path to mango traits most desired by consumers and growers.

Speaking to ABC Rural at the International Mango Symposium in Darwin this week, Dr Ian Bally from the Queensland Department of Agriculture, said finding out what  "made mangoes tick"  was an important step for the mango industry.

"The sequencing has been completed and now the task is to start interpreting that and start finding useful genes within that long sequence that we can identify and use in our breeding programs to get the traits we're looking for,"  he said.

"For mango growers it's good news, because it means their crop is being better understood.

"Scientists working on the crop will have better information about how mangoes work and be able to more rapidly breed new varieties because we've got more information and better understand how the physiology works.

"For consumers, this means that mangoes which come in the future will be better quality."

00:00 AUDIO: NT Country Hour coverage of the International Mango Symposium (ABC Rural)

Asked if mapping the genome of the Kensington Pride (KP) and developing new varieties from the information could one day mean the demise of the much-loved KP variety, Dr. Bally said he "was sure Kensington Pride mangoes will always be on the shelf".

"But we will also have several other varieties that not only are great eating for consumers, but have great production characteristics for farmers,"
Dr. Bally said.

Other traits of interest to researchers include disease resistance, fruit colour, fruit ripening, tree physiology and tree height.

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While "Flavor" is very subjective, and each country that grows mangoes is very nationalistic, these are the mango varieties that are the most sought after around the world because of sweetnesss (Brix) and demand.

The Chaunsa has a Brix rating in the 22 degree level which is unheard of!
Carabao claims to be the sweetest mango in the world and was able to register this in the Guiness book of world records.
Perhaps it is time for a GLOBAL taste test ???

In alphabetical order by Country....



Alphonso (mango)
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Alphonso (हापुस Haapoos in Marathi, હાફુસ in Gujarati, ಆಪೂಸ್ Aapoos in Kannada) is a mango cultivar that is considered by many[who?] to be one of the best in terms of sweetness, richness and flavor. 

It has considerable shelf life of a week after it is ripe making it exportable. 

It is also one of the most expensive kinds of mango and is grown mainly in Kokan region of western India.

 It is in season April through May and the fruit wei…

Mangoes date back 65 million years according to research ...

Experts at the Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeobotany (BSIP) here have traced the origin of mango to the hills of Meghalaya, India from a 65 million year-old fossil of a mango leaf. 

The earlier fossil records of mango (Mangifera indica) from the Northeast and elsewhere were 25 to 30 million years old. The 'carbonized leaf fossil' from Damalgiri area of Meghalaya hills, believed to be a mango tree from the peninsular India, was found by Dr R. C. Mehrotra, senior scientist, BSIP and his colleagues. 

After careful analysis of the fossil of the mango leaf and leaves of modern plants, the BISP scientist found many of the fossil leaf characters to be similar to mangifera.

An extensive study of the anatomy and morphology of several modern-day species of the genus mangifera with the fossil samples had reinforced the concept that its centre of origin is Northeast India, from where it spread into neighbouring areas, says Dr. Mehrotra. 

The genus is believed to have disseminated into neighb…

INDIA 2016 : Mango production in state likely to take a hit this year

TNN | May 22, 2016, 12.32 PM IST

Mangaluru: Vagaries of nature is expected to take a toll on the production of King of Fruits - Mango - in Karnataka this year. A combination of failure of pre-monsoon showers at the flowering and growth stage and spike in temperature in mango growing belt of the state is expected to limit the total production of mango to an estimated 12 lakh tonnes in the current season as against 14 lakh tonnes in the last calendar year.

However, the good news for fruit lovers is that this could see price of mangoes across varieties decrease marginally by 2-3%. This is mainly on account of 'import' of the fruit from other mango-growing states in India, said M Kamalakshi Rajanna, chairperson, Karnataka State Mango Development and Marketing Corporation Ltd.

Karnataka is the third largest mango-growing state in India after Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra.

Inaugurating a two-day Vasanthotsava organized by Shivarama Karantha Pilikula Nisargadhama and the Corporation at P…