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INDIA : Mangoes to make the most of long dry spell in Gujarat

Himanshu Bhatt,

TNN | Sep 10, 2015, 11.23 AM IST

SURAT: Less rains this monsoon mean banana, papaya and paddy among other crops will suffer damage, but the phenomenon could actually benefit mango plantations in south Gujarat. Average rainfall in south Gujarat is around 1,750mm but so far the region has received only 50% of it. 

The dry spell will help cause good flowering and early firming up of fruits on mango trees, horticulture experts said, adding that the fruit had witnessed moderate production in the state in the past few years. 

Dr. B M Patel, associate director of research, Navsari Agriculture University (NAU), said,
"Deficient rainfall may affect crops grown on yearly basis. However, output of mango trees may see an increase in this dry spell." 

Mango and sugarcane are major cash crops in south Gujarat. Valsad and Navsari districts account for 45% of total production of mangoes in the state. 

N I Shah, former in-charge of NAU's mango farm in Pariya in Valsad district, said, "Trees, which have roots that go deep into the soil, draw required water from underground moisture. The stems and branches get water from soil and this leads to consistent flowering even during a dry year. The fruits set a little early and are firmed up." 

S. S. Ganvit, joint director of horticulture, Government of Gujarat, said,
"There is high possibility of early flowering and even if rains occur now, normal pattern of flowering won't change. But, everything depends on a spell of cold. A 10-day spell of cold would result in good flowering on the trees. Carbon-nitrogen ratio is very important for fructification."

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While "Flavor" is very subjective, and each country that grows mangoes is very nationalistic, these are the mango varieties that are the most sought after around the world because of sweetnesss (Brix) and demand.

The Chaunsa has a Brix rating in the 22 degree level which is unheard of!
Carabao claims to be the sweetest mango in the world and was able to register this in the Guiness book of world records.
Perhaps it is time for a GLOBAL taste test ???

In alphabetical order by Country....



Alphonso (mango)
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Alphonso (हापुस Haapoos in Marathi, હાફુસ in Gujarati, ಆಪೂಸ್ Aapoos in Kannada) is a mango cultivar that is considered by many[who?] to be one of the best in terms of sweetness, richness and flavor. 

It has considerable shelf life of a week after it is ripe making it exportable. 

It is also one of the most expensive kinds of mango and is grown mainly in Kokan region of western India.

 It is in season April through May and the fruit wei…

INDIA 2016 : Mango production in state likely to take a hit this year

TNN | May 22, 2016, 12.32 PM IST

Mangaluru: Vagaries of nature is expected to take a toll on the production of King of Fruits - Mango - in Karnataka this year. A combination of failure of pre-monsoon showers at the flowering and growth stage and spike in temperature in mango growing belt of the state is expected to limit the total production of mango to an estimated 12 lakh tonnes in the current season as against 14 lakh tonnes in the last calendar year.

However, the good news for fruit lovers is that this could see price of mangoes across varieties decrease marginally by 2-3%. This is mainly on account of 'import' of the fruit from other mango-growing states in India, said M Kamalakshi Rajanna, chairperson, Karnataka State Mango Development and Marketing Corporation Ltd.

Karnataka is the third largest mango-growing state in India after Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra.

Inaugurating a two-day Vasanthotsava organized by Shivarama Karantha Pilikula Nisargadhama and the Corporation at P…

Mangoes date back 65 million years according to research ...

Experts at the Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeobotany (BSIP) here have traced the origin of mango to the hills of Meghalaya, India from a 65 million year-old fossil of a mango leaf. 

The earlier fossil records of mango (Mangifera indica) from the Northeast and elsewhere were 25 to 30 million years old. The 'carbonized leaf fossil' from Damalgiri area of Meghalaya hills, believed to be a mango tree from the peninsular India, was found by Dr R. C. Mehrotra, senior scientist, BSIP and his colleagues. 

After careful analysis of the fossil of the mango leaf and leaves of modern plants, the BISP scientist found many of the fossil leaf characters to be similar to mangifera.

An extensive study of the anatomy and morphology of several modern-day species of the genus mangifera with the fossil samples had reinforced the concept that its centre of origin is Northeast India, from where it spread into neighbouring areas, says Dr. Mehrotra. 

The genus is believed to have disseminated into neighb…