Oaxaca has become Mexico's main mango exporter after shipping 34,571 tonnes this season to markets like the U.S., Canada and the European Union.
According to the Secretariat of Agriculture, Livestock, Rural Development, Fisheries and Food (SAGARPA), Oaxacan mango exports recorded an increase of about 18 percent compared to the previous year, when 29,257 tonnes were shipped.
Mango sales overseas in the first six months of 2015 generated more than US$ 75.4 million.
More than 800 orchards with 8,737 certified hectares and a total production of 47,801 tonnes have been registered under the Mango Export Programme, generating about 5,000 direct jobs.
State officials acknowledged that the growth of Oaxaca's mango exports is the result of the work carried out by those in the integrated production chain, from primary production to marketing.
In 2014, the state ranked second in the list of Mexico's largest mango exporters, with a total of 36,000 tonnes.
The export process of this product meets the established phytosanitary standards, which dictate that the product must be free of fruit flies; a pest that develops in the pulp and is tackled through hydrothermal treatments, which consist of a 90 minute treatment with water heated at 40 degrees, followed by washing, which removes the spores.
According to data of Sistema Producto Mango, Oaxaca's mango acreage grows every year by an average of 1,000 hectares, which are included in the export and domestic marketing scheme. The main varieties are Tommy Atkins, Ataulfo and Oro.
The municipalities devoted to this activity are located in the eastern part of the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, Tapanatepec, Chahuites, Reforma de Pineda, Ixhuatán and Zanatepec, as well as in the Coast region, particularly in Santa Maria Tonameca and San Pedro Tututepec.
Statistics of the Agro-food and Fisheries Information Service (SIAP) show that about 1.6 million tonnes of mangoes are produced annually in Mexico, making the country one of the top producers and exporters of the fruit.
Publication date: 9/11/2015