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Saudi Gazette - 24 June, 2013

Jazan is one of the Kingdom's most important regions when it comes to agriculture.

With fertile soil, copious amounts of groundwater and numerous valleys ideal for growing fruit, Jazan's farmers cultivate various agricultural produce, including mangoes. Some mango trees in the region are reportedly over 100 years old.

The success story of growing mango fruit in Jazan started in 1982 when the Ministry of Agriculture conducted, through its agricultural research center, several studies on mangoes growing in Egypt, Sudan, the US, India, Australia and Kenya.

The ministry started growing mango seedlings in the region, which is characterized by its hot climate and low humidity — two important elements for growing the sweet fruit.

Mango trees begin to bear fruit four to five years after being planted. A tree can live up to 15 years and produce large amounts of fruit.

Jazan’s farmers begin to harvest thousands of tons of mango fruit in March from their farms. There has been a marked increase in the number of mango trees in the region and many more farmers are focusing on growing mangoes and other types of fruit.

Mangoes contain a store of phenolic and carotenoid compounds (gallotannins, alpha-carotene, beta-cryptoxanthin and more) that seem to offer some protection against several types of cancer.

Vitamin A and beta-carotene in mango can boost your eye health, while vitamin B6 helps control homocysteine in the blood. High levels of this amino acid are associated with increased risk of heart disease and stroke.

The soluble fiber in mangoes slows down the release of sugar into the bloodstream.

Farmers have to provide mango trees with sufficient quantities of fertilizer all year around to ensure a great yield the following year.

Jazan farmers have forged a good reputation for themselves at the national, regional and international levels. The region exports mangoes to several European countries as well as to North America and Japan, thanks to support the Saudi government offers to farmers.

Every year, the region holds a mango festival to market this important product inside and outside the Kingdom. The best mango types include Al-Tumi, Al-Jil, Al-Jaleen, Al-Zubda, Abu Sinara, and Al-Kait.

As an agricultural region, Jazan has proved to be successful and profitable for investors and farmers alike who want to benefit from its abundant natural resources.

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While "Flavor" is very subjective, and each country that grows mangoes is very nationalistic, these are the mango varieties that are the most sought after around the world because of sweetnesss (Brix) and demand.

The Chaunsa has a Brix rating in the 22 degree level which is unheard of!
Carabao claims to be the sweetest mango in the world and was able to register this in the Guiness book of world records.
Perhaps it is time for a GLOBAL taste test ???

In alphabetical order by Country....



Alphonso (mango)
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Alphonso (हापुस Haapoos in Marathi, હાફુસ in Gujarati, ಆಪೂಸ್ Aapoos in Kannada) is a mango cultivar that is considered by many[who?] to be one of the best in terms of sweetness, richness and flavor. 

It has considerable shelf life of a week after it is ripe making it exportable. 

It is also one of the most expensive kinds of mango and is grown mainly in Kokan region of western India.

 It is in season April through May and the fruit wei…

Mangoes date back 65 million years according to research ...

Experts at the Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeobotany (BSIP) here have traced the origin of mango to the hills of Meghalaya, India from a 65 million year-old fossil of a mango leaf. 

The earlier fossil records of mango (Mangifera indica) from the Northeast and elsewhere were 25 to 30 million years old. The 'carbonized leaf fossil' from Damalgiri area of Meghalaya hills, believed to be a mango tree from the peninsular India, was found by Dr R. C. Mehrotra, senior scientist, BSIP and his colleagues. 

After careful analysis of the fossil of the mango leaf and leaves of modern plants, the BISP scientist found many of the fossil leaf characters to be similar to mangifera.

An extensive study of the anatomy and morphology of several modern-day species of the genus mangifera with the fossil samples had reinforced the concept that its centre of origin is Northeast India, from where it spread into neighbouring areas, says Dr. Mehrotra. 

The genus is believed to have disseminated into neighb…

INDIA 2016 : Mango production in state likely to take a hit this year

TNN | May 22, 2016, 12.32 PM IST

Mangaluru: Vagaries of nature is expected to take a toll on the production of King of Fruits - Mango - in Karnataka this year. A combination of failure of pre-monsoon showers at the flowering and growth stage and spike in temperature in mango growing belt of the state is expected to limit the total production of mango to an estimated 12 lakh tonnes in the current season as against 14 lakh tonnes in the last calendar year.

However, the good news for fruit lovers is that this could see price of mangoes across varieties decrease marginally by 2-3%. This is mainly on account of 'import' of the fruit from other mango-growing states in India, said M Kamalakshi Rajanna, chairperson, Karnataka State Mango Development and Marketing Corporation Ltd.

Karnataka is the third largest mango-growing state in India after Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra.

Inaugurating a two-day Vasanthotsava organized by Shivarama Karantha Pilikula Nisargadhama and the Corporation at P…