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INDIA : Mango capital hit by unseasonal rain


































PALAKKAD, January 4, 2016
Updated: January 4, 2016 05:43 IST



K.A. SHAJI












A view of the mango orchards at Muthalamada near Palakkad.-Photo: K.K. Mustafah











It seems climate change is taking a toll on Kerala’s mango capital Muthalamada with unseasonal rain delaying the flowering process apart from adversely affecting the yield.





This is the third consecutive year in which flowering is getting delayed because of unseasonal rain during October, November and December. Now, the mangoes can be ripened only by March and as a result Muthalamada mangoes are reaching the market late.






Being one of the biggest centres of mango production in the country, this grama panchayat sharing border with Pollachi in Tamil Nadu has mango orchards spread in 45,000 hectares of land. Till three years ago, Muthalamada’s mango varieties were the first to reach global markets much before the mangoes mature in the gardens of the competitors, chiefly Peru and Venezuela.






Mango export alone was worth Rs.200 crore a season in this otherwise sleepy region of Palakkad. According to mango grower C.A. Nizamuddin, almost all the flowers appeared during September and October were lost in the rain.





The second round of flowering happened only in December and the ripening would be delayed. Mango export used to begin in Muthalamada during January first week every year.



“The yield is likely to be less this year due to climate change. Late harvesting would even prevent us from getting better prizes. So far, we were able to get big orders apart from getting fair prizes,” said Mohan Kumar, general secretary of Muthalamada Mango Merchants Association.





http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/kerala/mango-capital-hit-by-unseasonal-rain/article8063514.ece




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In alphabetical order by Country....










India




Alphonso





Alphonso (mango)
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia








Alphonso (हापुस Haapoos in Marathi, હાફુસ in Gujarati, ಆಪೂಸ್ Aapoos in Kannada) is a mango cultivar that is considered by many[who?] to be one of the best in terms of sweetness, richness and flavor. 


It has considerable shelf life of a week after it is ripe making it exportable. 

It is also one of the most expensive kinds of mango and is grown mainly in Kokan region of western India.

 It is in season April through May and the fruit wei…

Mangoes date back 65 million years according to research ...

Experts at the Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeobotany (BSIP) here have traced the origin of mango to the hills of Meghalaya, India from a 65 million year-old fossil of a mango leaf. 





The earlier fossil records of mango (Mangifera indica) from the Northeast and elsewhere were 25 to 30 million years old. The 'carbonized leaf fossil' from Damalgiri area of Meghalaya hills, believed to be a mango tree from the peninsular India, was found by Dr R. C. Mehrotra, senior scientist, BSIP and his colleagues. 




After careful analysis of the fossil of the mango leaf and leaves of modern plants, the BISP scientist found many of the fossil leaf characters to be similar to mangifera.


An extensive study of the anatomy and morphology of several modern-day species of the genus mangifera with the fossil samples had reinforced the concept that its centre of origin is Northeast India, from where it spread into neighbouring areas, says Dr. Mehrotra. 




The genus is believed to have disseminated into neighb…

INDIA 2016 : Mango production in state likely to take a hit this year

TNN | May 22, 2016, 12.32 PM IST






Mangaluru: Vagaries of nature is expected to take a toll on the production of King of Fruits - Mango - in Karnataka this year. A combination of failure of pre-monsoon showers at the flowering and growth stage and spike in temperature in mango growing belt of the state is expected to limit the total production of mango to an estimated 12 lakh tonnes in the current season as against 14 lakh tonnes in the last calendar year.



However, the good news for fruit lovers is that this could see price of mangoes across varieties decrease marginally by 2-3%. This is mainly on account of 'import' of the fruit from other mango-growing states in India, said M Kamalakshi Rajanna, chairperson, Karnataka State Mango Development and Marketing Corporation Ltd.




Karnataka is the third largest mango-growing state in India after Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra.



Inaugurating a two-day Vasanthotsava organized by Shivarama Karantha Pilikula Nisargadhama and the Corporation at P…