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INDIA 2016 : Experts offer tips to fight withering of mango flowers

Published : 20 Mar 2016, 20:51:29

RAJSHAHI, Mar 20 (BSS): Proper and sustainable management has become an urgent need for saving mango flowers and fruits from premature withering as the gardeners and businessmen suffer a lot due to this problem. 

Scientists and researchers concerned viewed that premature withering of flowers and fruits is a nightmare for the gardeners and they can check the problem to some extent by following some prescribed guidelines properly. 

To address the problem, the field-level agriculture extension and research officials, farmers and other concerned should work together and promote modern technologies in this connection. 

"We are working intensively for sustainable management of mango flowers and fruits," said Dr Alim Uddin, Principal Scientific Officer at the Fruit Research Station (FRS) in Rajshahi. 

The Horticulture Research Centre (HRC) under the Bangladesh Agriculture Research Institute (BARI) has been implementing a project with financial support from Krishi Gobeshona Foundation (KGF) since last year. 

Under the scheme, field-level agricultural extension officials and farmers are being brought under proper training and motivation on how they can address the problem. 

Dr Modan Gopal Saha, Chief Scientific Officer and Head of HRC, said withering of flowers and fruits on such plants can be attributed to many causes, both physical and pathological. 

Sudden changes in temperature or humidity, poor nutrition management, hormonal imbalance, improper soil moisture are the physiological causes and fungal infections lead to pathological fruit withering. 

The incidence of pest attack is another cause, he mentioned. 

Dr Modan Mohan said mango trees stay in the best condition in warm climate such as those found in subtropical and tropical locations. 

However, an established mango tree generally can survive temperature at about 25 degrees Fahrenheit for a few hours. 

The best way to prevent fruit withering caused by high temperature is to plant mangoes in the area where the suitable weather prevails. If the mango tree is not getting the right amount of water, it can see withering of fruits prematurely. 

Dr Alim Uddin opined that improper fertilisation can cause the mangoes to drop prematurely and reduce the quantity of production. Mangoes require nitrogen fertilizer used on fruit trees to enhance healthy and ample growth.

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While "Flavor" is very subjective, and each country that grows mangoes is very nationalistic, these are the mango varieties that are the most sought after around the world because of sweetnesss (Brix) and demand.

The Chaunsa has a Brix rating in the 22 degree level which is unheard of!
Carabao claims to be the sweetest mango in the world and was able to register this in the Guiness book of world records.
Perhaps it is time for a GLOBAL taste test ???

In alphabetical order by Country....



Alphonso (mango)
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Alphonso (हापुस Haapoos in Marathi, હાફુસ in Gujarati, ಆಪೂಸ್ Aapoos in Kannada) is a mango cultivar that is considered by many[who?] to be one of the best in terms of sweetness, richness and flavor. 

It has considerable shelf life of a week after it is ripe making it exportable. 

It is also one of the most expensive kinds of mango and is grown mainly in Kokan region of western India.

 It is in season April through May and the fruit wei…

INDIA 2016 : Mango production in state likely to take a hit this year

TNN | May 22, 2016, 12.32 PM IST

Mangaluru: Vagaries of nature is expected to take a toll on the production of King of Fruits - Mango - in Karnataka this year. A combination of failure of pre-monsoon showers at the flowering and growth stage and spike in temperature in mango growing belt of the state is expected to limit the total production of mango to an estimated 12 lakh tonnes in the current season as against 14 lakh tonnes in the last calendar year.

However, the good news for fruit lovers is that this could see price of mangoes across varieties decrease marginally by 2-3%. This is mainly on account of 'import' of the fruit from other mango-growing states in India, said M Kamalakshi Rajanna, chairperson, Karnataka State Mango Development and Marketing Corporation Ltd.

Karnataka is the third largest mango-growing state in India after Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra.

Inaugurating a two-day Vasanthotsava organized by Shivarama Karantha Pilikula Nisargadhama and the Corporation at P…

Mangoes date back 65 million years according to research ...

Experts at the Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeobotany (BSIP) here have traced the origin of mango to the hills of Meghalaya, India from a 65 million year-old fossil of a mango leaf. 

The earlier fossil records of mango (Mangifera indica) from the Northeast and elsewhere were 25 to 30 million years old. The 'carbonized leaf fossil' from Damalgiri area of Meghalaya hills, believed to be a mango tree from the peninsular India, was found by Dr R. C. Mehrotra, senior scientist, BSIP and his colleagues. 

After careful analysis of the fossil of the mango leaf and leaves of modern plants, the BISP scientist found many of the fossil leaf characters to be similar to mangifera.

An extensive study of the anatomy and morphology of several modern-day species of the genus mangifera with the fossil samples had reinforced the concept that its centre of origin is Northeast India, from where it spread into neighbouring areas, says Dr. Mehrotra. 

The genus is believed to have disseminated into neighb…