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2016 INDIA MANGO SEASON : Officials keep sharp eye on artificially ripened mangoes

Pratiksha Ramkumar | TNN | Apr 28, 2016, 09.39 AM IST

Coimbatore: With the mango season arriving in the district, the food safety department has begun tightening their noose over sale of artificially ripened mangoes. While use of ethylene is allowed to ripen the mangoes, using calcium carbide to do the same is banned.

The chemical is often used by wholesalers who want to offload large stocks before the arrival of the main season, so they capitalize on the initial demand.

The food safety department last week seized two tonnes of artificially ripened mangoes from a wholesaler in Pollachi. The seized mangoes included the popular Banganapalli and Alphonso varieties.

"The mangoes were found to have been artificially ripened with calcium carbide which is banned according to the food safety laws," said a senior food safety officer based in Coimbatore West. "We only allow artificial ripening through ethylene," he said.

Calcium carbide stones are usually placed inside the mango boxes, because when the chemical comes into contact with any form of moisture, it produces acetylene gas which accelerates the ripening process.

"However, according to food safety laws, calcium carbide is considered a carcinogenic (cancer causing) substance, because it sometimes contains traces of arsenic
" said the officer.

"This is the reason we have installed three artificial ripening chambers, which just gas the fruits with ethylene," said C Durai, proprietor of Pazhamudhir Nilayam, in Nehru Stadium. "So we put the fruit inside it for three to five days," he said.

With a long dry spell this summer, the mango season has been described as 'average' by both wholesalers and mango growers. 

"Many flowers which turn to fruits drop during heavy dry winds that blew during the North-East monsoons," said K Manikandan, a mango grower in Pollachi.

"We have already begun receiving stock from Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and Kerala, but the fruits are small and not satisfactory in size,"
said Durai. "So, the season will also get over fast.

Usually Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh stock comes well after Tamil Nadu's stock arrives," he said. 

The prices currently hover around 100per kg for Alphonso mangoes and 70 to 75 for Banganapalli mangoes.

The prices reportedly dropped because of heavy arrivals last week, but is expected to go up over the next month as the season gets over, said sources.

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While "Flavor" is very subjective, and each country that grows mangoes is very nationalistic, these are the mango varieties that are the most sought after around the world because of sweetnesss (Brix) and demand.

The Chaunsa has a Brix rating in the 22 degree level which is unheard of!
Carabao claims to be the sweetest mango in the world and was able to register this in the Guiness book of world records.
Perhaps it is time for a GLOBAL taste test ???

In alphabetical order by Country....



Alphonso (mango)
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Alphonso (हापुस Haapoos in Marathi, હાફુસ in Gujarati, ಆಪೂಸ್ Aapoos in Kannada) is a mango cultivar that is considered by many[who?] to be one of the best in terms of sweetness, richness and flavor. 

It has considerable shelf life of a week after it is ripe making it exportable. 

It is also one of the most expensive kinds of mango and is grown mainly in Kokan region of western India.

 It is in season April through May and the fruit wei…

INDIA 2016 : Mango production in state likely to take a hit this year

TNN | May 22, 2016, 12.32 PM IST

Mangaluru: Vagaries of nature is expected to take a toll on the production of King of Fruits - Mango - in Karnataka this year. A combination of failure of pre-monsoon showers at the flowering and growth stage and spike in temperature in mango growing belt of the state is expected to limit the total production of mango to an estimated 12 lakh tonnes in the current season as against 14 lakh tonnes in the last calendar year.

However, the good news for fruit lovers is that this could see price of mangoes across varieties decrease marginally by 2-3%. This is mainly on account of 'import' of the fruit from other mango-growing states in India, said M Kamalakshi Rajanna, chairperson, Karnataka State Mango Development and Marketing Corporation Ltd.

Karnataka is the third largest mango-growing state in India after Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra.

Inaugurating a two-day Vasanthotsava organized by Shivarama Karantha Pilikula Nisargadhama and the Corporation at P…

Mangoes date back 65 million years according to research ...

Experts at the Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeobotany (BSIP) here have traced the origin of mango to the hills of Meghalaya, India from a 65 million year-old fossil of a mango leaf. 

The earlier fossil records of mango (Mangifera indica) from the Northeast and elsewhere were 25 to 30 million years old. The 'carbonized leaf fossil' from Damalgiri area of Meghalaya hills, believed to be a mango tree from the peninsular India, was found by Dr R. C. Mehrotra, senior scientist, BSIP and his colleagues. 

After careful analysis of the fossil of the mango leaf and leaves of modern plants, the BISP scientist found many of the fossil leaf characters to be similar to mangifera.

An extensive study of the anatomy and morphology of several modern-day species of the genus mangifera with the fossil samples had reinforced the concept that its centre of origin is Northeast India, from where it spread into neighbouring areas, says Dr. Mehrotra. 

The genus is believed to have disseminated into neighb…