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INDIA 2016 : Bad flowering reason for low harvest of mangoes

Saturday, 23 April 2016
MP Saravanan


Chennai: With the summer heat rising each day, the prices of mangoes to continue to climb up in the city. 

Speaking on the issue, Tamilnadu Flower and Fruits Traders Welfare Association general secretary V Govindarajan says, "Lack of arrivals is the main reason for the rise in price of fruits. Currently around 4-5 truck loads of mangoes are coming to Koyambedu as against 30-40 trucks last year. Mangoes from Salem, Krishnagiri, Dharmapuri have arrived in small numbers. Due to low availability, prices have increased to around 20 per cent in all varieties of mangoes."

A box of Alphonso, the top quality mango has zoomed to around Rs 1,600 which was around Rs 1,200 (a piece weighing around 250 gram costs Rs 80) last year. Price of the other mango varieties have risen around 20 per cent.

Tamilnadu Mango Growers Federation joint secretary P B Murali says, "Mango is harvested in around one lakh acres in Tamilnadu. But unseasonal rain and harsh weather conditions have taken a toll on the king of fruits. Since flowering season is not good, there are less fruit bearing trees. As a result, harvest was below expectations'. Murali, who also won the Best Mango Grower in 2015, from Tamilnadu Agriculture University says, 'It is one of the widely grown fruit in both tropical and sub-tropical areas like Salem, Tirupattur, Dharmapuri, Krishnagiri. For growing mangoes on a profitable scale, the rain and weather must be in a defined range. In addition to altitude, temperature, rainfall and the wind velocity also influence growth and production. Mango thrives well under humid and dry conditions. If that is disturbed then harvest will definitely be poor. That is what happened in the State last year'. Echoing his view, Salem Mango Growers Association president A Jayapal said, 'though flowering was good, in the later period of time, all flowers weathered and fell. So it was a rude shock, for thousands of growers particularly Alphonso mango growers which is cultivated in around 5,000 acres. Apart from Alphonso, the main varieties like Benglura, Emampasand, Nadusalai, Senthura, Banganapalli and Neelam are also affected'. Traders note that, since there is severe drought in Maharashtra, there could be no arrivals from there. So mango arrivals from Gujarat and Karnataka can only bring down the rates in Chennai. 

Moreover, the availability of Alphonso, which is the leading commercial variety in the State will increase. Though it is known by different names in different regions like Badami, Gundu, Khader, Appas, Happus and Kagdi Happus the price of the variety will not remain stable.

Box In varieties In India more than 1,000 mango varieties are grown and of them 20 are grown commercially. Most of the Indian mango varieties have specific geographical and ecological requirements for optimum growth. They are broadly divided into four major sectors. * In North - Dashehari, Langra, Chausa, Bombay Green and Fazri * In South - Banganapalli, Totapuri, Neelum, Pairi, Suvarnarekha, Mulgoa, Kalapadi and Rumani * In Western region - Alphonso, Kesar, Mankurad, Fernandin and Vanraj * In Eastern region - Langra, Fazri, Chausa, Zardalu, Himsagar and Malda

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While "Flavor" is very subjective, and each country that grows mangoes is very nationalistic, these are the mango varieties that are the most sought after around the world because of sweetnesss (Brix) and demand.

The Chaunsa has a Brix rating in the 22 degree level which is unheard of!
Carabao claims to be the sweetest mango in the world and was able to register this in the Guiness book of world records.
Perhaps it is time for a GLOBAL taste test ???

In alphabetical order by Country....



Alphonso (mango)
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Alphonso (हापुस Haapoos in Marathi, હાફુસ in Gujarati, ಆಪೂಸ್ Aapoos in Kannada) is a mango cultivar that is considered by many[who?] to be one of the best in terms of sweetness, richness and flavor. 

It has considerable shelf life of a week after it is ripe making it exportable. 

It is also one of the most expensive kinds of mango and is grown mainly in Kokan region of western India.

 It is in season April through May and the fruit wei…

INDIA 2016 : Mango production in state likely to take a hit this year

TNN | May 22, 2016, 12.32 PM IST

Mangaluru: Vagaries of nature is expected to take a toll on the production of King of Fruits - Mango - in Karnataka this year. A combination of failure of pre-monsoon showers at the flowering and growth stage and spike in temperature in mango growing belt of the state is expected to limit the total production of mango to an estimated 12 lakh tonnes in the current season as against 14 lakh tonnes in the last calendar year.

However, the good news for fruit lovers is that this could see price of mangoes across varieties decrease marginally by 2-3%. This is mainly on account of 'import' of the fruit from other mango-growing states in India, said M Kamalakshi Rajanna, chairperson, Karnataka State Mango Development and Marketing Corporation Ltd.

Karnataka is the third largest mango-growing state in India after Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra.

Inaugurating a two-day Vasanthotsava organized by Shivarama Karantha Pilikula Nisargadhama and the Corporation at P…

Mangoes date back 65 million years according to research ...

Experts at the Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeobotany (BSIP) here have traced the origin of mango to the hills of Meghalaya, India from a 65 million year-old fossil of a mango leaf. 

The earlier fossil records of mango (Mangifera indica) from the Northeast and elsewhere were 25 to 30 million years old. The 'carbonized leaf fossil' from Damalgiri area of Meghalaya hills, believed to be a mango tree from the peninsular India, was found by Dr R. C. Mehrotra, senior scientist, BSIP and his colleagues. 

After careful analysis of the fossil of the mango leaf and leaves of modern plants, the BISP scientist found many of the fossil leaf characters to be similar to mangifera.

An extensive study of the anatomy and morphology of several modern-day species of the genus mangifera with the fossil samples had reinforced the concept that its centre of origin is Northeast India, from where it spread into neighbouring areas, says Dr. Mehrotra. 

The genus is believed to have disseminated into neighb…