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Tiny Animal May Solve a Big Pollution Problem
















SCIENCE /

STYROFOAM



The humble mealworm can live on styrofoam




By Michael Harthorne, Newser Staff
Posted Oct 4, 2015 9:05 AM CDT




Humanity's heroes, ladies and gentlemen. (Shutterstock)









(NEWSER) – A bunch of tiny worms may have just solved a problem that's plagued scientists and environmentalists for years: what to do with the 30 million tons of plastics that end up in US landfills annually. 



Researchers at Stanford University and China's Beihang University fed Styrofoam—long assumed to be non-biodegradable—to 100 mealworms. 


Not only did the mealworms stay healthy on an all-plastic diet, their excretions were biodegradable and appeared safe to use as manure, Science Alert reports. 


"The findings are revolutionary," researcher Wei-Min Wu tells CNN.


 "This is one of the biggest breakthroughs in environmental science in the past 10 years."


 While other insects have been known to eat plastics, this is the first time an animal has been observed biodegrading it.

The mealworms' secret is the bacteria living in their guts, Science Alert reports. 



Researchers hope further study could help develop new enzymes for breaking down plastics. "Our findings have opened a new door to solve the global plastic pollution problem," Wu says in a press release



That's important because the mealworms ate less than 40 milligrams of Styrofoam per day, which would hardly put a dent in even just the 2.5 billion Styrofoam cups Americans throw away every year. 



Researchers are also hoping to find the marine equivalent of the mealworm since so many plastics end up in the ocean, Science Alert reports. 


"There's a possibility of really important research coming out of bizarre places," research supervisor Craig Criddle says in the press release.


"This is a shock." (The EPA hugely underestimated how much trash we dump.)



http://www.newser.com/story/213793/tiny-animal-may-solve-a-big-pollution-problem.html


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THE MOST SOUGHT AFTER MANGOES IN THE WORLD ....

While "Flavor" is very subjective, and each country that grows mangoes is very nationalistic, these are the mango varieties that are the most sought after around the world because of sweetnesss (Brix) and demand.

The Chaunsa has a Brix rating in the 22 degree level which is unheard of!
Carabao claims to be the sweetest mango in the world and was able to register this in the Guiness book of world records.
Perhaps it is time for a GLOBAL taste test ???





In alphabetical order by Country....










India




Alphonso





Alphonso (mango)
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia








Alphonso (हापुस Haapoos in Marathi, હાફુસ in Gujarati, ಆಪೂಸ್ Aapoos in Kannada) is a mango cultivar that is considered by many[who?] to be one of the best in terms of sweetness, richness and flavor. 


It has considerable shelf life of a week after it is ripe making it exportable. 

It is also one of the most expensive kinds of mango and is grown mainly in Kokan region of western India.

 It is in season April through May and the fruit wei…

INDIA 2016 : Mango production in state likely to take a hit this year

TNN | May 22, 2016, 12.32 PM IST






Mangaluru: Vagaries of nature is expected to take a toll on the production of King of Fruits - Mango - in Karnataka this year. A combination of failure of pre-monsoon showers at the flowering and growth stage and spike in temperature in mango growing belt of the state is expected to limit the total production of mango to an estimated 12 lakh tonnes in the current season as against 14 lakh tonnes in the last calendar year.



However, the good news for fruit lovers is that this could see price of mangoes across varieties decrease marginally by 2-3%. This is mainly on account of 'import' of the fruit from other mango-growing states in India, said M Kamalakshi Rajanna, chairperson, Karnataka State Mango Development and Marketing Corporation Ltd.




Karnataka is the third largest mango-growing state in India after Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra.



Inaugurating a two-day Vasanthotsava organized by Shivarama Karantha Pilikula Nisargadhama and the Corporation at P…

Mangoes date back 65 million years according to research ...

Experts at the Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeobotany (BSIP) here have traced the origin of mango to the hills of Meghalaya, India from a 65 million year-old fossil of a mango leaf. 





The earlier fossil records of mango (Mangifera indica) from the Northeast and elsewhere were 25 to 30 million years old. The 'carbonized leaf fossil' from Damalgiri area of Meghalaya hills, believed to be a mango tree from the peninsular India, was found by Dr R. C. Mehrotra, senior scientist, BSIP and his colleagues. 




After careful analysis of the fossil of the mango leaf and leaves of modern plants, the BISP scientist found many of the fossil leaf characters to be similar to mangifera.


An extensive study of the anatomy and morphology of several modern-day species of the genus mangifera with the fossil samples had reinforced the concept that its centre of origin is Northeast India, from where it spread into neighbouring areas, says Dr. Mehrotra. 




The genus is believed to have disseminated into neighb…