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Costa Rica entre los países con más transgénicos













Ranking Cultivos transgénicos


Ocupa el puesto 26 global
Jeffry Garza
Lunes 16 Mayo, 2016

Costa Rica figura en el puesto 26 de los países que cultivan más transgénicos en el mundo, de acuerdo con el Servicio Internacional para la Adquisición de Aplicaciones Agro-Biotecnológicas (ISAA, por sus siglas en inglés).
Además, está entre los diez países latinoamericanos que se benefician del cultivo extensivo de este tipo de alimentos.
En total, hay 50 mil hectáreas sembradas en nuestro país, específicamente de algodón y soya.
A nivel mundial, el mayor cultivador de transgénicos es Estados Unidos, con 70 millones de hectáreas, y en América Latina es Brasil, con 44 millones.
Estados Unidos, Brasil y Argentina plantaron el 77% de los cultivos transgénicos del mundo en 2015, un año en el que este tipo de agricultura dejó de crecer por primera vez desde que se empezó a comercializar en 1996.
1. Estados Unidos
Es el líder mundial, con 70 millones de hectáreas sembradas en 2015 y 937 millones desde 1996, cuando comenzaron a cultivarse estos productos.
Cultiva maíz, soya, algodón, canola, remolacha azucarera, alfalfa, papaya, chayote y papa de este tipo.
2. Brasil
Se siembran maíz, soya y algodón transgénico, en un total de 44 millones de hectáreas, el 25% de los cultivos mundiales.
Acumuló dos hectáreas más que en 2014 y rompió su propio récord de sembradíos de soya, con 12 millones.
3. Argentina
Sembró 25 millones de hectáreas en maíz, papa, algodón y soya en 2015, un millón más que lo registrado en 2014.
Su crecimiento en las cosechas se dio gracias a la siembra de una nueva variedad de soya resistente a las sequías y una papa tolerante a los virus.
4. India
Produjo 11 millones de hectáreas, principalmente de algodón modificado genéticamente, del cual es líder mundial en siembras.
Unos 7 millones de agricultores se dedican al cultivo de esta planta, que les dejó ingresos por $1,6 mil millones en 2014.
5. Canadá
Tiene cultivos modificados de canola, maíz, soya y remolacha azucarera por un total de 11 millones de hectáreas.
Ha aprobado un total de 161 especies genéticamente modificadas, y es solo superado por Japón y Estados Unidos a nivel mundial.







https://www.larepublica.net/noticia/costa_rica_entre_los_paises_con_mas_transgenicos/

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India




Alphonso





Alphonso (mango)
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia








Alphonso (हापुस Haapoos in Marathi, હાફુસ in Gujarati, ಆಪೂಸ್ Aapoos in Kannada) is a mango cultivar that is considered by many[who?] to be one of the best in terms of sweetness, richness and flavor. 


It has considerable shelf life of a week after it is ripe making it exportable. 

It is also one of the most expensive kinds of mango and is grown mainly in Kokan region of western India.

 It is in season April through May and the fruit wei…

INDIA 2016 : Mango production in state likely to take a hit this year

TNN | May 22, 2016, 12.32 PM IST






Mangaluru: Vagaries of nature is expected to take a toll on the production of King of Fruits - Mango - in Karnataka this year. A combination of failure of pre-monsoon showers at the flowering and growth stage and spike in temperature in mango growing belt of the state is expected to limit the total production of mango to an estimated 12 lakh tonnes in the current season as against 14 lakh tonnes in the last calendar year.



However, the good news for fruit lovers is that this could see price of mangoes across varieties decrease marginally by 2-3%. This is mainly on account of 'import' of the fruit from other mango-growing states in India, said M Kamalakshi Rajanna, chairperson, Karnataka State Mango Development and Marketing Corporation Ltd.




Karnataka is the third largest mango-growing state in India after Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra.



Inaugurating a two-day Vasanthotsava organized by Shivarama Karantha Pilikula Nisargadhama and the Corporation at P…

Mangoes date back 65 million years according to research ...

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The earlier fossil records of mango (Mangifera indica) from the Northeast and elsewhere were 25 to 30 million years old. The 'carbonized leaf fossil' from Damalgiri area of Meghalaya hills, believed to be a mango tree from the peninsular India, was found by Dr R. C. Mehrotra, senior scientist, BSIP and his colleagues. 




After careful analysis of the fossil of the mango leaf and leaves of modern plants, the BISP scientist found many of the fossil leaf characters to be similar to mangifera.


An extensive study of the anatomy and morphology of several modern-day species of the genus mangifera with the fossil samples had reinforced the concept that its centre of origin is Northeast India, from where it spread into neighbouring areas, says Dr. Mehrotra. 




The genus is believed to have disseminated into neighb…