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HERE WE GO AGAIN : India's mango exports face threat of ban

Higher pesticide residues and discovery of pest and diseases in some consignments can result in ban

Dilip Kumar Jha | Mumbai May 23, 2016 Last Updated at 10:20 IST

Exports of mangoes from India are under severe threat due higher pesticide residues than the prescribed limit by the global standard and discovery of pest and diseases in some consignments.

The issue came to the notice of Indian authorities when the Ministry of Climate Change and Environment, United Arab Emirates (UAE), issued a warning to Indian exporters, bringing to notice the high level of pesticide residues (exceeding the permitted limits) in Indian mango. Apart from mangoes, the UAE ministry has also found pesticide residues higher than the prescribed limit in chilli, pepper and cucumber consignments.

The UAE market contributes over 70% of India’s overall annual mango exports. The fear is that if Indian exporters do not adhere to the global guidelines of Codex standard of pesticides residues then the UAE may probably ban mango import from India, which would be a big blow for the nation.

“Yes, UAE has found pesticides residues higher than the prescribed limit in some of the mango and other commodities’ exports consignments from India. We have already issued an advisory to the concerned exporters in this regard. Agricultural & Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (Apeda) has also started mandatory registration of all exporters of agricultural products. So, things would be under control soon,” said a senior Apeda official.

India’s mango exports have faced huge problems over the past four years due to a number of quality issues in export markets which has erased around a third of export volume during this period. From the level of over 63,594 tonnes of fresh mango exports during the financial year 2011-12, India’s shipment of this seasonal fruit has slumped to 43,191 tonnes in the financial year 2014-15.

Taking serious note of the same, UAE’s ministry has asked Indian exporters to attach the pesticides residue analysis report with each consignment for the sake of health and safety of consumers. The ministry has warned Indian authorities of stoppage of import of such commodities from India in case of a repeat of pesticides’ presence.

“The repeated presence of pesticides residues will lead to stoppage of export of these commodities to UAE and in turn
our trade will be affected,” said an advisory issued by Apeda to Indian exporters.

The Department of Agriculture, Cooperation and Farmers Welfare has advised issuance of phytosanitary certificate (PSCs) for fruits and vegetables exported to UAE only after production of test report on pesticide residues by any of the Apeda-recognised laboratories.

Apart from the UAE, European countries have also discovered presence of pests and diseases in some consignments of mango headed for the European Union (EU).

“There is no major threat of ban on India’s mango exports. We are exporting mangoes to quality conscious countries like the United States of America (USA) and Japan. So, Indian exporters need to be a little more cautious on quality of mangoes they export,”
said the official from Apeda.

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While "Flavor" is very subjective, and each country that grows mangoes is very nationalistic, these are the mango varieties that are the most sought after around the world because of sweetnesss (Brix) and demand.

The Chaunsa has a Brix rating in the 22 degree level which is unheard of!
Carabao claims to be the sweetest mango in the world and was able to register this in the Guiness book of world records.
Perhaps it is time for a GLOBAL taste test ???

In alphabetical order by Country....



Alphonso (mango)
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Alphonso (हापुस Haapoos in Marathi, હાફુસ in Gujarati, ಆಪೂಸ್ Aapoos in Kannada) is a mango cultivar that is considered by many[who?] to be one of the best in terms of sweetness, richness and flavor. 

It has considerable shelf life of a week after it is ripe making it exportable. 

It is also one of the most expensive kinds of mango and is grown mainly in Kokan region of western India.

 It is in season April through May and the fruit wei…

INDIA 2016 : Mango production in state likely to take a hit this year

TNN | May 22, 2016, 12.32 PM IST

Mangaluru: Vagaries of nature is expected to take a toll on the production of King of Fruits - Mango - in Karnataka this year. A combination of failure of pre-monsoon showers at the flowering and growth stage and spike in temperature in mango growing belt of the state is expected to limit the total production of mango to an estimated 12 lakh tonnes in the current season as against 14 lakh tonnes in the last calendar year.

However, the good news for fruit lovers is that this could see price of mangoes across varieties decrease marginally by 2-3%. This is mainly on account of 'import' of the fruit from other mango-growing states in India, said M Kamalakshi Rajanna, chairperson, Karnataka State Mango Development and Marketing Corporation Ltd.

Karnataka is the third largest mango-growing state in India after Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra.

Inaugurating a two-day Vasanthotsava organized by Shivarama Karantha Pilikula Nisargadhama and the Corporation at P…

Mangoes date back 65 million years according to research ...

Experts at the Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeobotany (BSIP) here have traced the origin of mango to the hills of Meghalaya, India from a 65 million year-old fossil of a mango leaf. 

The earlier fossil records of mango (Mangifera indica) from the Northeast and elsewhere were 25 to 30 million years old. The 'carbonized leaf fossil' from Damalgiri area of Meghalaya hills, believed to be a mango tree from the peninsular India, was found by Dr R. C. Mehrotra, senior scientist, BSIP and his colleagues. 

After careful analysis of the fossil of the mango leaf and leaves of modern plants, the BISP scientist found many of the fossil leaf characters to be similar to mangifera.

An extensive study of the anatomy and morphology of several modern-day species of the genus mangifera with the fossil samples had reinforced the concept that its centre of origin is Northeast India, from where it spread into neighbouring areas, says Dr. Mehrotra. 

The genus is believed to have disseminated into neighb…