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FIU Geneticist studies history of mangoes




Posted by Evelyn Perez 

× 06/14/2016 at 11:54 am












Nothing says summer like a ripe, juicy mango.

The sweet fruit is the basis of many recipes and is found in juices, smoothies, sorbets and preserves. Oftentimes, it’s simply picked and eaten fresh off the tree. Enjoyed by many throughout the world, the health of mango yields are at risk due to drought, disease and climate change.





Biology Ph.D. student Emily Warschefsky is studying the genetic diversity and evolutionary history of mangoes.







Biology student Emily Warschefsky is studying the genetic diversity in wild varieties of mango and how the crop has evolved over time through domestication. During domestication, crops typically lose genetic diversity resulting in the loss of beneficial traits. Warschefsky’s research will ultimately help breeders maximize positive genetic traits and produce mangoes that can tolerate harsh conditions and resist disease.





“A lot of what we know about domestication in plants comes from annual plant species, those that bloom over spring and summer and reproduce once before they die in autumn, and it doesn’t really apply to long-lived trees like mangoes,” said Warschefsky, a Ph.D. student in FIU’s von Wettberg Conservation Genetics Lab


“This research will help fill that knowledge gap.”







Originally from southeast Asia, mangoes were first domesticated in India more than 4,000 years ago and made their way to Africa and the Americas as people made their way west. Today, they are grown and consumed on six continents, and it is considered one the world’s most important tropical fruits.



With the peak of mango season under way, Warschefsky and other environmental and humanities scholars will lead talks and tours of mango collections from around the world at The Kampong in Coconut Grove, Fla., Thurs., June 16.




 Titled “The History of the World in Your Own Backyard: Mangoes and Mango Trees,” the event is hosted by the FIU Department of History, The Kampong and Catalyst Miami. 









http://news.fiu.edu/2016/06/geneticist-studies-history-of-mangoes/101388





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THE MOST SOUGHT AFTER MANGOES IN THE WORLD ....

While "Flavor" is very subjective, and each country that grows mangoes is very nationalistic, these are the mango varieties that are the most sought after around the world because of sweetnesss (Brix) and demand.

The Chaunsa has a Brix rating in the 22 degree level which is unheard of!
Carabao claims to be the sweetest mango in the world and was able to register this in the Guiness book of world records.
Perhaps it is time for a GLOBAL taste test ???





In alphabetical order by Country....










India




Alphonso





Alphonso (mango)
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia








Alphonso (हापुस Haapoos in Marathi, હાફુસ in Gujarati, ಆಪೂಸ್ Aapoos in Kannada) is a mango cultivar that is considered by many[who?] to be one of the best in terms of sweetness, richness and flavor. 


It has considerable shelf life of a week after it is ripe making it exportable. 

It is also one of the most expensive kinds of mango and is grown mainly in Kokan region of western India.

 It is in season April through May and the fruit wei…

INDIA 2016 : Mango production in state likely to take a hit this year

TNN | May 22, 2016, 12.32 PM IST






Mangaluru: Vagaries of nature is expected to take a toll on the production of King of Fruits - Mango - in Karnataka this year. A combination of failure of pre-monsoon showers at the flowering and growth stage and spike in temperature in mango growing belt of the state is expected to limit the total production of mango to an estimated 12 lakh tonnes in the current season as against 14 lakh tonnes in the last calendar year.



However, the good news for fruit lovers is that this could see price of mangoes across varieties decrease marginally by 2-3%. This is mainly on account of 'import' of the fruit from other mango-growing states in India, said M Kamalakshi Rajanna, chairperson, Karnataka State Mango Development and Marketing Corporation Ltd.




Karnataka is the third largest mango-growing state in India after Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra.



Inaugurating a two-day Vasanthotsava organized by Shivarama Karantha Pilikula Nisargadhama and the Corporation at P…