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México: Lack of pollinators marks decrease in Ataulfo mango production



Chiapas


The production of the Ataulfo mango variety, which originates from the area of Soconusco, in Chiapas, has fallen up to 25 percent in recent years. 


The apparent cause is a decrease in the presence and diversity of pollinating insects such as bees, flies and ants. 


Besides the use of some pesticides, a lack of pollinators could also be caused by the use of some substances that stimulate flowering trees when there is a delay in the natural cycle.


The researcher Leslie Solis Montero, from El Colegio de la Frontera Sur (ECOSUR), has conducted studies on the populations of these insects in plantations and presented some of their findings in the institution's Semana de Intercambio Académico (SIA), where he reminded researchers from other disciplines that the scientific community is very concerned about the decline of pollinator populations. He then presented data from the Tapachula region, where the Ataulfo mango variety originates, known for its manageable size, and a third of a kilo weight, approximately.


Intensive Ataulfo mango production, and its large scale use began in 1963, from trees in a farm bought by a person whose name was Ataulfo Gordillo Morales Gordillo.


Currently 13 municipalities from the area of Soconusco receive income from the sale of this fruit, coming from a single orchard of five high quality trees.


The uniqueness and demand for this type of mango, motivated Mexico to protect the origin of this variety which was granted, in 2003, the designation of Ataulfo origin mango from Soconusco Chiapas, for those sown among the Pacific coast, the Sierra Madre Chiapas, the Suchiate river and the town of Mapastepec.


There are many countries that produce and export mangoes from other species, as 130 different types have been described. 



According to Solis Montero, Mexico is currently the fifth largest producer of mango and Chiapas is the second state with increased domestic production of that fruit. However, there is a contraction in the volume of production in southern Chiapas.


These observations are a part of a much wider field of research that is taking place in several countries. 


Citrus growers in the USA, and other fruit bearing trees in different parts of the world have expressed their concerns, for example, of the decline of European bees.




Source: INFOFEC






Publication date: 11/16/2016

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In alphabetical order by Country....










India




Alphonso





Alphonso (mango)
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia








Alphonso (हापुस Haapoos in Marathi, હાફુસ in Gujarati, ಆಪೂಸ್ Aapoos in Kannada) is a mango cultivar that is considered by many[who?] to be one of the best in terms of sweetness, richness and flavor. 


It has considerable shelf life of a week after it is ripe making it exportable. 

It is also one of the most expensive kinds of mango and is grown mainly in Kokan region of western India.

 It is in season April through May and the fruit wei…

INDIA 2016 : Mango production in state likely to take a hit this year

TNN | May 22, 2016, 12.32 PM IST






Mangaluru: Vagaries of nature is expected to take a toll on the production of King of Fruits - Mango - in Karnataka this year. A combination of failure of pre-monsoon showers at the flowering and growth stage and spike in temperature in mango growing belt of the state is expected to limit the total production of mango to an estimated 12 lakh tonnes in the current season as against 14 lakh tonnes in the last calendar year.



However, the good news for fruit lovers is that this could see price of mangoes across varieties decrease marginally by 2-3%. This is mainly on account of 'import' of the fruit from other mango-growing states in India, said M Kamalakshi Rajanna, chairperson, Karnataka State Mango Development and Marketing Corporation Ltd.




Karnataka is the third largest mango-growing state in India after Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra.



Inaugurating a two-day Vasanthotsava organized by Shivarama Karantha Pilikula Nisargadhama and the Corporation at P…

Mangoes date back 65 million years according to research ...

Experts at the Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeobotany (BSIP) here have traced the origin of mango to the hills of Meghalaya, India from a 65 million year-old fossil of a mango leaf. 





The earlier fossil records of mango (Mangifera indica) from the Northeast and elsewhere were 25 to 30 million years old. The 'carbonized leaf fossil' from Damalgiri area of Meghalaya hills, believed to be a mango tree from the peninsular India, was found by Dr R. C. Mehrotra, senior scientist, BSIP and his colleagues. 




After careful analysis of the fossil of the mango leaf and leaves of modern plants, the BISP scientist found many of the fossil leaf characters to be similar to mangifera.


An extensive study of the anatomy and morphology of several modern-day species of the genus mangifera with the fossil samples had reinforced the concept that its centre of origin is Northeast India, from where it spread into neighbouring areas, says Dr. Mehrotra. 




The genus is believed to have disseminated into neighb…