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Australian Mango farms signing up to plant long-awaited new varieties

NMBP 4069 mangoes

ABC Rural

By Matt Brann

Posted Mon at 12:25pm

PHOTO: NMBP 4069 mangoes ready for harvest in Kununurra, WA. (Supplied: DAFWA)

RELATED STORY: Mango growers want new varieties now

MAP: Kununurra 6743

Three varieties of mango, designed to look and taste better than fruit currently on the market are finally being released to growers in a long-awaited milestone for the National Mango Breeding Program (NMBP).

The hybrid mangoes, currently known as NMBP 1201, NMBP 1243 and NMBP 4069, have been developed over more than 20 years, and are sitting behind security fences on a handful of research farms across northern Australia.

AUDIO: Trevor Dunmall explains the commercial rollout of three new mango varieties (ABC News)

They made international headlines in 2010 when then-Northern Territory primary industry minister Kon Vatskalis suggested one of them be named after Kylie Minogue.

Australian Mango Industry Association (AMIA) industry development manager Trevor Dunmall said the commercial rollout had now begun.

"We've got a number of farms in a range of regions who have signed up, and we're in the process of getting the orders in and then getting trees on those farms over the next couple of months," he said.

"So the rollout is progressing steadily and we're still looking for [more] growers to put their hands up and take limited numbers, so we get a good idea of how these varieties will work."

Some growers frustrated by lack of access

Mr Dunmall said to join the program, growers must commit to planting at least 300 trees of each variety.

It is a requirement that has angered some farmers, who say it restricts smaller growers from accessing the new mangoes.

"The reason we've done that is several-fold," Mr Dunmall said.

"We want to make sure the growers who do sign up are serious about evaluating these new varieties, and will actually give the varieties the best chance to see how good they really are.

"So this is the first year of the rollout and we're initially looking at those sort of numbers, but in another year or two we may look at bringing those numbers down in some of those regions like Carnarvon (WA), where the size of orchards are smaller to those in Katherine or Darwin."

Mr Dunmall said naming rights to the three mangoes was still a process that needed working out.

He admitted the rollout of the varieties had been a long process, which had frustrated growers.

"Dealing with contract negotiations by nature can take a long time. I know it's been frustratingly long," he said.

"But it's done now, so we just have to look forward to getting these varieties out to as many regions as possible, so we can get a good understanding of how they handle different environments and soil types."

Mr Dunmall said if all went to plan, the varieties would be seen on supermarket shelves within two or three years.

New mangoes

PHOTO: New mango varieties picked from the DAFWA research station in Kununurra, WA. (Supplied: DAFWA)

New mangoes outperforming competition in Kununurra

The three new mango varieties have shown some impressive production values this year at the WA Department of Agriculture's research farm in Kununurra.

The hybrid mangoes have yielded extremely well in what has otherwise been a below-average mango season for the region.

"It's always a good testing scenario when you have a year like this where the commercial varieties haven't done as well, in comparison to these new varieties," department researcher Peter Johnson said.

"We're seeing these new varieties well and truly out-performing the existing R2E2s and Kensington Prides in the valley this year."

Mr Johnson said the varieties were bred to have strong flavours, good colouring and higher productivity (yields).

He said the NMBP 1243 in particular was exciting, because it was producing fruit three to five weeks before other mango varieties in the region.

"Having a mango like this has the potential to add a significant amount of value to the mango industry in Australia," he said.

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While "Flavor" is very subjective, and each country that grows mangoes is very nationalistic, these are the mango varieties that are the most sought after around the world because of sweetnesss (Brix) and demand.

The Chaunsa has a Brix rating in the 22 degree level which is unheard of!
Carabao claims to be the sweetest mango in the world and was able to register this in the Guiness book of world records.
Perhaps it is time for a GLOBAL taste test ???

In alphabetical order by Country....



Alphonso (mango)
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Alphonso (हापुस Haapoos in Marathi, હાફુસ in Gujarati, ಆಪೂಸ್ Aapoos in Kannada) is a mango cultivar that is considered by many[who?] to be one of the best in terms of sweetness, richness and flavor. 

It has considerable shelf life of a week after it is ripe making it exportable. 

It is also one of the most expensive kinds of mango and is grown mainly in Kokan region of western India.

 It is in season April through May and the fruit wei…

INDIA 2016 : Mango production in state likely to take a hit this year

TNN | May 22, 2016, 12.32 PM IST

Mangaluru: Vagaries of nature is expected to take a toll on the production of King of Fruits - Mango - in Karnataka this year. A combination of failure of pre-monsoon showers at the flowering and growth stage and spike in temperature in mango growing belt of the state is expected to limit the total production of mango to an estimated 12 lakh tonnes in the current season as against 14 lakh tonnes in the last calendar year.

However, the good news for fruit lovers is that this could see price of mangoes across varieties decrease marginally by 2-3%. This is mainly on account of 'import' of the fruit from other mango-growing states in India, said M Kamalakshi Rajanna, chairperson, Karnataka State Mango Development and Marketing Corporation Ltd.

Karnataka is the third largest mango-growing state in India after Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra.

Inaugurating a two-day Vasanthotsava organized by Shivarama Karantha Pilikula Nisargadhama and the Corporation at P…

Mangoes date back 65 million years according to research ...

Experts at the Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeobotany (BSIP) here have traced the origin of mango to the hills of Meghalaya, India from a 65 million year-old fossil of a mango leaf. 

The earlier fossil records of mango (Mangifera indica) from the Northeast and elsewhere were 25 to 30 million years old. The 'carbonized leaf fossil' from Damalgiri area of Meghalaya hills, believed to be a mango tree from the peninsular India, was found by Dr R. C. Mehrotra, senior scientist, BSIP and his colleagues. 

After careful analysis of the fossil of the mango leaf and leaves of modern plants, the BISP scientist found many of the fossil leaf characters to be similar to mangifera.

An extensive study of the anatomy and morphology of several modern-day species of the genus mangifera with the fossil samples had reinforced the concept that its centre of origin is Northeast India, from where it spread into neighbouring areas, says Dr. Mehrotra. 

The genus is believed to have disseminated into neighb…