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Mango Expedition: Indonesia.

My journey is keeping track of Wani, the Balinese white mango.

Wani generally restricted to the wet tropical lowlands bellow 450 m elevation, frequently in inundated areas, along riverbanks. Fruit can reach 500 g and some can be long or oblong in shape. It is monoembryonic. In Malaysia, this is one of the most common and valuable mango species.
Fruit is eaten when it ripe or dipped in chili with sugar and dark sauce. Used to make ‘sambal’, ‘jeruk’ and eaten with fish. Flesh is also pickled and preserved with salt in jars. They used for juices. Some fibreless clones command a high price in local markets. The wood is light red marbled with yellow, used for light construction.
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Genetic erosion of Wani has not been systematically documented. However, in general it can be said that such an erosion occurs at an alarming rate. Farmland reduction occurs in highly populated areas such as Java, Madura, Bali and Sumatra. Rapid population growth on these islands, combined with infrastructure development, has led to the conversion of agricultural lands into settlements, industrial complex and roads. Although there is a government regulation to limit agricultural land conversion, particularly wet rice fields, such a process continues.
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A preliminary survey in Bali was conducted to identify the ecosystem where Wani grows on the island.

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In Bali, Wani is available in local nurseries. They even have seedlings or air layer trees.

Air-layering is one method of propagating a fruit tree from an existing one, which will bear fruits sooner, and the fruits will taste same as the mother-plant.

All accessions were collected and introduced into the United States as scions with the leaves removed. Scions were washed in soap and water, air-dried, wrapped in parafilm and placed in plastic bags for transport. Transport time ranged from 2 to 12 days depending on the species and collecting expedition considered. Eight to 12 scions were collected per species.

All species of mangifera we introduced to Florida were grafted using ‘Turpentine’, Mangifera rubrapetala, Mangifera casturi and Mangifera odorata as a rootstock. Mango seeds are restricted by quarantine laws to protect against the introduction of the mango seed borer. 

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Air-layering is a great tool for us. Wonderful discovery!

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Keep up the great work Noris !

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While "Flavor" is very subjective, and each country that grows mangoes is very nationalistic, these are the mango varieties that are the most sought after around the world because of sweetnesss (Brix) and demand.

The Chaunsa has a Brix rating in the 22 degree level which is unheard of!
Carabao claims to be the sweetest mango in the world and was able to register this in the Guiness book of world records.
Perhaps it is time for a GLOBAL taste test ???

In alphabetical order by Country....



Alphonso (mango)
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Alphonso (हापुस Haapoos in Marathi, હાફુસ in Gujarati, ಆಪೂಸ್ Aapoos in Kannada) is a mango cultivar that is considered by many[who?] to be one of the best in terms of sweetness, richness and flavor. 

It has considerable shelf life of a week after it is ripe making it exportable. 

It is also one of the most expensive kinds of mango and is grown mainly in Kokan region of western India.

 It is in season April through May and the fruit wei…

INDIA 2016 : Mango production in state likely to take a hit this year

TNN | May 22, 2016, 12.32 PM IST

Mangaluru: Vagaries of nature is expected to take a toll on the production of King of Fruits - Mango - in Karnataka this year. A combination of failure of pre-monsoon showers at the flowering and growth stage and spike in temperature in mango growing belt of the state is expected to limit the total production of mango to an estimated 12 lakh tonnes in the current season as against 14 lakh tonnes in the last calendar year.

However, the good news for fruit lovers is that this could see price of mangoes across varieties decrease marginally by 2-3%. This is mainly on account of 'import' of the fruit from other mango-growing states in India, said M Kamalakshi Rajanna, chairperson, Karnataka State Mango Development and Marketing Corporation Ltd.

Karnataka is the third largest mango-growing state in India after Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra.

Inaugurating a two-day Vasanthotsava organized by Shivarama Karantha Pilikula Nisargadhama and the Corporation at P…

Mangoes date back 65 million years according to research ...

Experts at the Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeobotany (BSIP) here have traced the origin of mango to the hills of Meghalaya, India from a 65 million year-old fossil of a mango leaf. 

The earlier fossil records of mango (Mangifera indica) from the Northeast and elsewhere were 25 to 30 million years old. The 'carbonized leaf fossil' from Damalgiri area of Meghalaya hills, believed to be a mango tree from the peninsular India, was found by Dr R. C. Mehrotra, senior scientist, BSIP and his colleagues. 

After careful analysis of the fossil of the mango leaf and leaves of modern plants, the BISP scientist found many of the fossil leaf characters to be similar to mangifera.

An extensive study of the anatomy and morphology of several modern-day species of the genus mangifera with the fossil samples had reinforced the concept that its centre of origin is Northeast India, from where it spread into neighbouring areas, says Dr. Mehrotra. 

The genus is believed to have disseminated into neighb…