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Showing posts from January 26, 2016


Early in the spring of 1961, a group of geologists started drilling a hole into the seafloor off the Pacific coast of Baja California.

 The expedition, the first if its kind, was the initial phase of a project intended to punch through Earth's crust and reach the underlying mantle. Little did they know that their efforts would soon be overshadowed when John F. Kennedy launched the race to the moon in May of that year.


Here's One Very Good Reason to Drill Deep Into an Active Fault

There May Be a Second Massive Ocean Deep Beneath the Surface

By the end of 1972, after expending billions of dollars and via the collective effort of thousands of scientists and engineers, six Apollo missions landed on Earth's orbital companion and brought home more than 841 pounds of moon rocks and soil.

Meanwhile, the earthbound geologists who dreamt of getting a glimpse of Earth's inner workings were left empty-handed with the remnants of various programs thanks to budget cuts.



U.S.D.A./APHIS inspecting Peruvian mango production areas

The Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) of the United States in Peru has started the annual monitoring of the certification process carried out by the National Service of Agrarian Health (Senasa) at plantations and mango packing plants in the Piura region, from where this fruit is exported.

The Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation (Minagri) reported that the APHIS mission is headed by the regional director for South America, Robert S. Johnson, who, together with Senasa, is holding technical meetings scheduled between 19 and 23 January.

APHIS specialists will supervise the work carried out by the Senasa in plantations and packing centres in accordance with the Work Plan for the Treatment and Certification of Peruvian Mangos, signed by Senasa, APHIS, Minagri and the Peruvian Association of Mango Exporters (EMPA) in 2010.

A group of Senasa technicians and professionals will offer support to their APHIS peers in their tour of the facilities of Agromar, Sunshine, Agro Industr…

GEORGE FRIEDMAN : Mapping Russia’s Strategy

Jan 25, 2016

There is an old adage, “A picture is worth a thousand words.”

In geopolitics, this is especially so, but the pictures in this case are actually maps. 

Many people think of maps in terms of their basic purpose, showing a country’s geography and topography. 

But maps can speak to all dimensions—political, military, and economic—and are an elemental place to start thinking about a country’s strategy… revealing factors that are otherwise not obvious.

 Sometimes a single map can reveal the most important thing about a country. 

In the case of Russia, it is this map:

One of the keys to understanding Russia’s strategy is to look at its position relative to the rest of Europe. 

The European Peninsula is surrounded on three sides by the Baltic and North Seas, the Atlantic Ocean, and the Mediterranean and Black Seas. 

The easternmost limit of the peninsula extends from the eastern tip of the Baltic Sea south to the Black Sea. In the map above, this division is indicated by the line from St…