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From the USDA archives we have come across a book authored by among others, Dr. Pompenoe founder of The Zamorano Agricultural school in Honduras.

The book was published in 1921


BY W. BURNS, D.Sc. (Edin.) Economic Botanist to the Government of Bombay
S. H. PRAYAG, M.Ag. (Bom.) Department of Agriculture, Bombay


Printed at the Government Central Press 1921

The book makes limited reference to the migration of Indian mango around the world:

Somali land 1331.

Mozambique, Egypt, Cairo and Livingstonia (last three recently).

Madeira, Canaries (19th century), Azores, 1865. Hawaii (1865), Fiji Islands.

Philippine Islands (after 1600), Moluccas (1665). Barbados, Jamaica, Santa Domingo, Cuba. Southern Italy (1905), Portugal (Ibe- rian Peninsula). England (Hampton Court in 1690) (fruited in Kew in 1808). New South WaIes, Queensland (about 50 years ago).

(1) Wester, The Mango, p. 12. (2) From information supplied on the works of Wester, Watls, etc. Brazil (date unknown). Recently in Maranhao. 3

AMERICA U.S. A Mex Central America. Cost Rica (1796). Southern California. (1) Santa Barbara (1880 to 1885). (2) San Diego. (3) Los Angeles. Florida Miami (ill 1861 or 1862).

Please keep in mind that these are Indian cultivars and not the mango cultivars brought to Mexico by the Manila-Acapulco galleon trade of the 1500s.

This information was limited by research at the time.

We have since learned that Portuguese traders/explorers took the mango cultivars from India on their trade routes to Portugal, East Africa as well as on to Brazil.

Probably Arab traders took the Indian mango cultivars to Somalia Land in Northern Africa in 1331.

The donations by the Indian Government to Miami in 1861-62 and Hawaii in 1865 to Hawaii were before Dr. David Fairchild's time since he was born in 1869.

The International Mango Organization (IMO) is researching the origin of the Indian Government donations and if the 1880-85 Santa Barbara cultivars listed came from either Miami or Hawaii.

It is interesting to note that Costa Rica is listed as having recorded Indian Cultivars in 1796 nearly 70 years before USA !

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While "Flavor" is very subjective, and each country that grows mangoes is very nationalistic, these are the mango varieties that are the most sought after around the world because of sweetnesss (Brix) and demand.

The Chaunsa has a Brix rating in the 22 degree level which is unheard of!
Carabao claims to be the sweetest mango in the world and was able to register this in the Guiness book of world records.
Perhaps it is time for a GLOBAL taste test ???

In alphabetical order by Country....



Alphonso (mango)
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Alphonso (हापुस Haapoos in Marathi, હાફુસ in Gujarati, ಆಪೂಸ್ Aapoos in Kannada) is a mango cultivar that is considered by many[who?] to be one of the best in terms of sweetness, richness and flavor. 

It has considerable shelf life of a week after it is ripe making it exportable. 

It is also one of the most expensive kinds of mango and is grown mainly in Kokan region of western India.

 It is in season April through May and the fruit wei…

DHL (INDIA) makes gifting mangoes as easy as 1-2-3-....

Gifting mangoes is now easy with DHL
Announcement / Corporate

 May 19, 2011, 14:04 IST

Come this summer pamper your loved ones abroad with a box of delicious mangoes through DHL’s Express Easy Mango service, a unique one-stop-shop and hassle-free service for gifting mangoes all across the world.

This unique service by DHL Express, the world’s leading express company, allows customers to send mangoes from India across the world to the following countries Belgium, Canada, Czech Republic, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Hong Kong, Italy, Luxemburg, Maldives, Netherlands, Norway, Oman, Qatar Singapore, Switzerland and Sweden.

Mangoes can be availed of free of cost by merely paying for the Air Express service. In addition, DHL Express assists customers with the necessary paperwork along with procurement of quality-grade Alphonso mangoes.

Commenting on the new service, Mr. R.S Subramanian, Country Head, DHL Express India said: “With the advent of the mango season, it is no wonder that DHL Express Ea…

GMO MANGOES : Philippines has been working on it since 2000 ...

The genetic engineering used in modifying mangoes is extremely similar to that of the papaya. 

This is because both mangoes and papayas posses the ACC (ACS2) gene. 

This gene is responsible for producing ethylene and the influence of ethylene on the fruit is that it controls the ripening and senescence after the fruit has been picked. 

The main purpose of this genetic modifying is to reduce the amount of ethylene produced and to lengthen the onset of this gas. 

Scientist extract this gene from ripe mango var 'Caraboa' and after they separate the gene it is then cloned and sequenced. They can then insert the isolated gene back in the genome and it will act as a disturbance to the enzyme calling for more ethylene to be produced. 

Alternately, an ACC deaminase gene is inserted and its function is to convert ACC into a different substance which results in less ethylene being produced. 

Since genetically modified mangoes are on the market, scientists are free to explore other more effic…