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From the USDA archives we have come across a book authored by among others, Dr. Pompenoe founder of The Zamorano Agricultural school in Honduras.

The book was published in 1921


BY W. BURNS, D.Sc. (Edin.) Economic Botanist to the Government of Bombay
S. H. PRAYAG, M.Ag. (Bom.) Department of Agriculture, Bombay


Printed at the Government Central Press 1921

The book makes limited reference to the migration of Indian mango around the world:

Somali land 1331.

Mozambique, Egypt, Cairo and Livingstonia (last three recently).

Madeira, Canaries (19th century), Azores, 1865. Hawaii (1865), Fiji Islands.

Philippine Islands (after 1600), Moluccas (1665). Barbados, Jamaica, Santa Domingo, Cuba. Southern Italy (1905), Portugal (Ibe- rian Peninsula). England (Hampton Court in 1690) (fruited in Kew in 1808). New South WaIes, Queensland (about 50 years ago).

(1) Wester, The Mango, p. 12. (2) From information supplied on the works of Wester, Watls, etc. Brazil (date unknown). Recently in Maranhao. 3

AMERICA U.S. A Mex Central America. Cost Rica (1796). Southern California. (1) Santa Barbara (1880 to 1885). (2) San Diego. (3) Los Angeles. Florida Miami (ill 1861 or 1862).

Please keep in mind that these are Indian cultivars and not the mango cultivars brought to Mexico by the Manila-Acapulco galleon trade of the 1500s.

This information was limited by research at the time.

We have since learned that Portuguese traders/explorers took the mango cultivars from India on their trade routes to Portugal, East Africa as well as on to Brazil.

Probably Arab traders took the Indian mango cultivars to Somalia Land in Northern Africa in 1331.

The donations by the Indian Government to Miami in 1861-62 and Hawaii in 1865 to Hawaii were before Dr. David Fairchild's time since he was born in 1869.

The International Mango Organization (IMO) is researching the origin of the Indian Government donations and if the 1880-85 Santa Barbara cultivars listed came from either Miami or Hawaii.

It is interesting to note that Costa Rica is listed as having recorded Indian Cultivars in 1796 nearly 70 years before USA !

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While "Flavor" is very subjective, and each country that grows mangoes is very nationalistic, these are the mango varieties that are the most sought after around the world because of sweetnesss (Brix) and demand.

The Chaunsa has a Brix rating in the 22 degree level which is unheard of!
Carabao claims to be the sweetest mango in the world and was able to register this in the Guiness book of world records.
Perhaps it is time for a GLOBAL taste test ???

In alphabetical order by Country....



Alphonso (mango)
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Alphonso (हापुस Haapoos in Marathi, હાફુસ in Gujarati, ಆಪೂಸ್ Aapoos in Kannada) is a mango cultivar that is considered by many[who?] to be one of the best in terms of sweetness, richness and flavor. 

It has considerable shelf life of a week after it is ripe making it exportable. 

It is also one of the most expensive kinds of mango and is grown mainly in Kokan region of western India.

 It is in season April through May and the fruit wei…

Mangoes date back 65 million years according to research ...

Experts at the Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeobotany (BSIP) here have traced the origin of mango to the hills of Meghalaya, India from a 65 million year-old fossil of a mango leaf. 

The earlier fossil records of mango (Mangifera indica) from the Northeast and elsewhere were 25 to 30 million years old. The 'carbonized leaf fossil' from Damalgiri area of Meghalaya hills, believed to be a mango tree from the peninsular India, was found by Dr R. C. Mehrotra, senior scientist, BSIP and his colleagues. 

After careful analysis of the fossil of the mango leaf and leaves of modern plants, the BISP scientist found many of the fossil leaf characters to be similar to mangifera.

An extensive study of the anatomy and morphology of several modern-day species of the genus mangifera with the fossil samples had reinforced the concept that its centre of origin is Northeast India, from where it spread into neighbouring areas, says Dr. Mehrotra. 

The genus is believed to have disseminated into neighb…

INDIA 2016 : Mango production in state likely to take a hit this year

TNN | May 22, 2016, 12.32 PM IST

Mangaluru: Vagaries of nature is expected to take a toll on the production of King of Fruits - Mango - in Karnataka this year. A combination of failure of pre-monsoon showers at the flowering and growth stage and spike in temperature in mango growing belt of the state is expected to limit the total production of mango to an estimated 12 lakh tonnes in the current season as against 14 lakh tonnes in the last calendar year.

However, the good news for fruit lovers is that this could see price of mangoes across varieties decrease marginally by 2-3%. This is mainly on account of 'import' of the fruit from other mango-growing states in India, said M Kamalakshi Rajanna, chairperson, Karnataka State Mango Development and Marketing Corporation Ltd.

Karnataka is the third largest mango-growing state in India after Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra.

Inaugurating a two-day Vasanthotsava organized by Shivarama Karantha Pilikula Nisargadhama and the Corporation at P…