From the USDA archives we have come across a book authored by among others, Dr. Pompenoe founder of The Zamorano Agricultural school in Honduras.
The book was published in 1921
THE BOOK OF THE MANGO
BY W. BURNS, D.Sc. (Edin.) Economic Botanist to the Government of Bombay
S. H. PRAYAG, M.Ag. (Bom.) Department of Agriculture, Bombay
Printed at the Government Central Press 1921
The book makes limited reference to the migration of Indian mango around the world:
Somali land 1331.
Mozambique, Egypt, Cairo and Livingstonia (last three recently).
Madeira, Canaries (19th century), Azores, 1865. Hawaii (1865), Fiji Islands.
Philippine Islands (after 1600), Moluccas (1665). Barbados, Jamaica, Santa Domingo, Cuba. Southern Italy (1905), Portugal (Ibe- rian Peninsula). England (Hampton Court in 1690) (fruited in Kew in 1808). New South WaIes, Queensland (about 50 years ago).
(1) Wester, The Mango, p. 12. (2) From information supplied on the works of Wester, Watls, etc. Brazil (date unknown). Recently in Maranhao. 3
AMERICA U.S. A Mex Central America. Cost Rica (1796). Southern California. (1) Santa Barbara (1880 to 1885). (2) San Diego. (3) Los Angeles. Florida Miami (ill 1861 or 1862).
Please keep in mind that these are Indian cultivars and not the mango cultivars brought to Mexico by the Manila-Acapulco galleon trade of the 1500s.
This information was limited by research at the time.
We have since learned that Portuguese traders/explorers took the mango cultivars from India on their trade routes to Portugal, East Africa as well as on to Brazil.
Probably Arab traders took the Indian mango cultivars to Somalia Land in Northern Africa in 1331.
The donations by the Indian Government to Miami in 1861-62 and Hawaii in 1865 to Hawaii were before Dr. David Fairchild's time since he was born in 1869.
The International Mango Organization (IMO) is researching the origin of the Indian Government donations and if the 1880-85 Santa Barbara cultivars listed came from either Miami or Hawaii.
It is interesting to note that Costa Rica is listed as having recorded Indian Cultivars in 1796 nearly 70 years before USA !