This section is from the book "Manual Of Tropical And Subtropical Fruits", by Wilson Popenoe
. It is believed the mango was first introduced into Florida by Henry Perrine, who sent plants from Mexico to his grant of land below Miami in 1833. These trees, however, perished from neglect after Perrine's death, and many years passed before another introduction was made.
According to P. J. Wester, the second and successful introduction was in 1861 or 1862, by Fletcher of Miami. The trees introduced in these early years were seedlings.
In 1885 Rev. D. G. Watt of Pinellas made an attempt to introduce the choice grafted varieties of India. According to P. N. Reasoner,1 Watt obtained from Calcutta eight plants of the two best sorts, Bombay and Malda. "They were nearly three months on the passage, and when the case was opened five were dead; another died soon after, and the two remaining plants were starting nicely, when the freeze destroyed them entirely."
In 1888 Herbert Beck of St. Petersburg obtained a shipment of thirty-five inarched trees from Calcutta. This shipment included the following varieties: "Bombay No. 23, Bombay No. 24, Chuckchokia, Arbuthnot, Gopalbhog, Singapore, and Alphonse."
In the latter part of 1889 Beck reported to the Department of Agriculture that all but seven of the trees had died. Further details regarding this importation are lacking, but it is not believed that any of the trees lived to produce fruit.
On November 1, 1889, the Division of Pomology at Washington, D.C., received through Consul B. F. Farnham of Bombay, India, a shipment of six varieties, as follows: "Alphonse, Banchore, Banchore of Dhiren, Devarubria, Mulgoba, and Pirie."
The trees were obtained from G. Marshall Woodrow, at Poona. (Pune , India)
After their arrival in this country they were forwarded to horticulturists on Lake Worth, Florida.
Most of the trees succumbed to successive freezes, but in 1898 Elbridge Gale reported that one Alphonse sent to Brelsford Brothers was still alive, but was not doing well; and that of the five trees sent to himself only one, a Mulgoba, had survived. This tree began to bear in 1898, and is still productive, although it has not borne large crops in recent years. The superior quality of its fruit furnished the needed stimulus to the development of mango culture in this country, and considerable numbers of Mulgobas were soon propagated and planted along the lower east coast of Florida.
Recently, numerous other Indian varieties have fruited in that state, some of them more valuable from a commercial standpoint than Mulgoba, so that the latter probably will not retain the prominent position which it has held.
As regards to California, the exact date at which the mango was first introduced is not known, but it is believed by F. Franceschi that it was first planted at Santa Barbara, between 1880 and 1885.